The Eastern Link https://theeasternlink.com Connecting Regions of Asia. Thu, 09 Jul 2020 07:55:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.2 https://theeasternlink.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/cropped-external-link-symbol-32x32.png The Eastern Link https://theeasternlink.com 32 32 ARSA-ARAKAN ARMY Step Up Joint Operations https://theeasternlink.com/arsa-arakan-army-step-up-joint-operations/ https://theeasternlink.com/arsa-arakan-army-step-up-joint-operations/#respond Thu, 09 Jul 2020 07:43:15 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5721

Shamshun Nahar Khan, Naikhongcherri (Bangladesh) They swear by Allah and promise to avenge the ‘genocide’ of fellow Rohingyas in Myanmar’s Rakhine province.Fighters of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) line up in battle fatigues and start their assault drills.The air is thick with anticipation of actual combat, as the fighters seem to be doing it […]

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Shamshun Nahar Khan, Naikhongcherri (Bangladesh)

They swear by Allah and promise to avenge the ‘genocide’ of fellow Rohingyas in Myanmar’s Rakhine province.
Fighters of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) line up in battle fatigues and start their assault drills.
The air is thick with anticipation of actual combat, as the fighters seem to be doing it for reals. 
This is Dosori near Naikhyongcherri in south-eastern Bangladesh, quite far from the biggest Bangladesh military base in the area, Alikadam . Smaller camps do exist between Alikadam and Naikhyongcherri but patrols hardly stray out of their camps.


The Bangladesh army has really won its spurs in UN peace keeping and is probably a fine force when it fights in the riverine plans. 
But while amphibian warfare is their forte (remember the naval commando operations of 1971 immortalised in Commander Sawant’s Operation X) , mountain warfare is not.
So even after fighting the rebels of the Shanti Bahini for 21 years, in the first phase of which the Bangladesh army took heavy casualties in encounters and ambushes, the Bengali troops are yet to come to terms with rigorous patrolling, area domination , combing operations and swift hunter-killer operations that the Indian army has perfected after fighting insurgents in the Northeast .

So the Bangladesh military leave large gaps in terms of area domination , through the ARSA rebels move around effortlessly, their confidence soaring to the extent that they now run training facility in Dosori. 
Naikhongcherri’s location in the very south of the Chittagong Hill Tracts with Myanmar on one side and the coastal plains of Cox’s Bazar on the other is strategic for any insurgent group seeking to bring in weapons by sea (because bringing it overland through either Myanmar, Bangladesh or India is almost impossible) .

Since the Rohingya Muslim dominated ARSA is better placed to position itself on the coastal plains of Bangladesh , the Arakan Army has reached out to it .

U Ba Tin adds from Yangon : In end-February, Indian and Bangladesh intelligence received reports that the ARSA and AA leaders have met and arrived at a tactical understanding to fight the Tatmadaw (Burmese Army) together. 
The ARSA has also asked the AA to get it included into the coordinating body of ethnic rebel groups in Myanmar, United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) and its associated platforms that negotiate with the Myanmar Union government.  This indicates that it is no longer willing to pursue a separatist agenda for a North Arakan Islamic State but would like to seek a future in Myanmar along with other battling ethnicities.

This is a throwback on the alliance that the Rakhine dominated National Unity Party of Arakans (NUPA), the precursor of Arakan Army,  had with the Arakan Rohingya Nationalist Organisation (ARNO) in the 1980-90s until both groups petered out. The ARSA , armed and trained by Pakistan, seems strongly anchored on the Islamist jihadi mode unlike ARNO , but it is increasingly searching for allies and seem to have struck an understanding with Arakan Army , which is so far more tactical in nature. 

The ARSA needs AA to protect its Rohingyas left behind and also if the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh return, while AA needs ARSA to operate the armsdrop on the Bangladesh coast and strike at Tatmadaw through suicide attacks or terror strikes to ease the growing counter-insurgency pressure on AA that has possibly led to some recent losses both in fighter casualties and territorial positions in the Myandia and Paletwa regions.

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Chapters On Secularism, Democratic Rights Dropped From CBSE Syllabus https://theeasternlink.com/chapters-on-secularism-democratic-rights-dropped-from-cbse-syllabus/ https://theeasternlink.com/chapters-on-secularism-democratic-rights-dropped-from-cbse-syllabus/#respond Thu, 09 Jul 2020 07:06:59 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5715

The BJP’s political agenda is shining bright in government decision, the latest being the reduced CBSE syllabus.In a bid to reduce the pressure on students, The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has reduced their syllabus. HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank Tuesday said that the syllabus for Classes 9 to 12 has been reduced by 30 […]

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The BJP’s political agenda is shining bright in government decision, the latest being the reduced CBSE syllabus.
In a bid to reduce the pressure on students, The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has reduced their syllabus.
 HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank Tuesday said that the syllabus for Classes 9 to 12 has been reduced by 30 per cent. He tweeted , “Considering the importance of learning achievement, it has been decided to rationalize syllabus up to 30% by retaining the core concepts.”. There have been major deletions of important topics in Political Science. 
Chapters on democratic rights, gender, religion, caste and secularism have been dropped from class 9 to 12.

In the class 12 Political Science syllabus, important portions have been deleted, which include Five Year plans, India’s relations with neighbours Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Myanmar under the topic “India’s foreign Policy”.
A chapter on Social Movements and Regional aspirations has been removed. “Understanding Partition” has also been deleted. Class 9 students will not have to study “Food security in India” under Economics. 
In class 11, for the subject of Sociology, chapters on Social Structure, Stratification and Social Processes, and Environment and Society have been removed.
 Class 12 business studies has had demonetisation removed. There has been a press statement by CBSE, citing the pandemic for the syllabi change.
“The revision of syllabi is a measure taken due to the extraordinary situation prevailing in the country and in different parts of the world. Considering the importance of achieving the level of learning, the syllabus has been rationalised to the extent possible by retaining the core concepts,” it said.
The current situation might have made taking exams on full syllabus tough, but vital portions of the very fabric of our nation have been left out. The youth of the nation must be educated on the functioning of the country. Other methods like lenient checking, grace marks should have been used,rather than slashing important parts of the syllabus.

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Chinese Financial System Crumbles https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-financial-system-crumbles/ https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-financial-system-crumbles/#respond Thu, 09 Jul 2020 06:48:40 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5712

Amid the unprecedented economic contraction and boycott of Chinese goods around the world, China is now witnessing an increasing number of bank runs. In the last few weeks, local banks in two Chinese provinces- Hebei and Shanxi- have been unable to pay back to customers as a large number of people gathered to withdraw their […]

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Amid the unprecedented economic contraction and boycott of Chinese goods around the world, China is now witnessing an increasing number of bank runs. In the last few weeks, local banks in two Chinese provinces- Hebei and Shanxi- have been unable to pay back to customers as a large number of people gathered to withdraw their deposits.

The “rumours” about the collapse of the Chinese economy and its financial systems have started the rush to withdraw the deposits. Local governments and police in both provinces have pleaded to customers to not withdraw cash from banks on ‘unsubstantiated rumors’. 

After a group of depositors rushed to withdraw cash, Baoding Bank in the Baoding city of Hebei province said that people “should not believe in or spread rumours … and should jointly be safeguarding good financial and social order.”

Yangquan commercial bank in the city of Yangquan of Shanxi province has also released a similar statement after the depositors rushed to a local branch in anticipation of bank’s inability to payback.

Local police have started arresting people who talk about the collapse of the Chinese economy and the failure of the banks to pay back the deposits. The 40 trillion dollars banking system- arguably the largest in the world- is under strain due to growing defaults from companies and business, and this has led to insecurity among the depositors. 

The non-performing assets (NPAs) of China’s local banks have grown exponentially in the last few years as the artificial real estate boom went bust and several companies defaulted on loans.

The distrust in the Chinese financial system grew after the Coronavirus pandemic which led to the closing down of many businesses. The increasing momentum for the boycott of Chinese goods in countries like India, the United States- which constitute some of the largest markets for Chinese companies- have added fuel to the fire. The aggression of the Chinese Communist Party in the Himalayas and the South China Sea costs heavily to Chinese companies which are dependent on exports for the business.

Last year, the central government of China was forced to take control of local lenders in many provinces (just like RBI took over PMC bank) to sustain operations. The central government took over Baoshang Bank, a big lender in Province of Inner Mongolia after it failed to pay back to depositors; and also bailed out Bank of Jinzhou and Hengfeng Bank.

“What we’ve seen is that in many occasions, in cities and counties, there are some consolidations in small lenders,” said Steven Chan, executive director of equity research at Haitong International. “Especially the very weak ones,” he added.

Apart from local banks, shadow banks which are a 3 trillion dollars industry in China, have also started to collapse. A few days ago, Sichuan Trust, one of China’s largest shadow banks, apologized to investors for missing the deadline for payments on financial products.

“Affected by the global economic downturn, the new coronavirus outbreak, and the suspension of the issuance of trust products, some companies are unable to return funds on time. As a result, payments have not been distributed on time. Sichuan Trust sincerely apologises to you,” reads the statement published on the company’s website.

The Chinese companies have lost the market worth trillions of dollars due to Coronavirus pandemic induced lockdown and momentum against Chinese state and Chinese goods in the last few months. This means that these businesses would be unable to pay back and therefore prone to default, which will fuel distrust in banks leading to the panic withdrawal of deposits.

Therefore, the Chinese economy is set to suffer a big jolt in the next few days, shockwaves of which would be felt around the world. And as we have said before, China’s counterfeit culture and forced demand creation are to be blamed.

Courtesy – TfiPost

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Exiled Tibetan Leader Pitches For Hongkong https://theeasternlink.com/exiled-tibetan-leader-pitches-for-hongkong/ https://theeasternlink.com/exiled-tibetan-leader-pitches-for-hongkong/#comments Thu, 09 Jul 2020 06:31:38 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5709

New Delhi: Hong Kong is heading toward the same fate as Tibet after China imposed a new security law that criminalises calls for independence, the leader of the exiled Tibetan government has told AFP. Lobsang Sangay said China was deceiving Hong Kong the same way it cheated Tibetan people in 1951 when it promised autonomy. Sangay […]

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New Delhi: Hong Kong is heading toward the same fate as Tibet after China imposed a new security law that criminalises calls for independence, the leader of the exiled Tibetan government has told AFP.

Lobsang Sangay said China was deceiving Hong Kong the same way it cheated Tibetan people in 1951 when it promised autonomy.

Sangay said China promised to uphold the will of the Tibetan people under a 17-point agreement signed seven decades ago but instead unleashed an oppressive rule, undermining the former Himalayan kingdom’s freedoms.

“If you follow the Chinese occupation of Tibet and (events) thereafter you see it is being replicated in Hong Kong,” the 51-year-old told AFP from Dharamsala, India where the exiled government is based and Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama has his home.

“One country, two systems was promised to Tibet….But right after signature of Tibetan officials, under duress, each of the provisions of the 17-point agreement was violated.

“So that’s what you see in Hong Kong. Basic law was promised to people in Hong Kong but what you see is a violation of all the provisions that were promised.”

The Harvard-educated leader also criticised the security law which China enacted last week for the semi-autonomous city of around 7.5 million people.

The legislation, which has faced international criticism, criminalises dissenting opinions such as calls for independence or autonomy.

– ‘Verify, verify, verify’ –

Sangay said Beijing unleashed similar security measures in Tibet to throttle independent voices. The Dalai Lama fled in 1959 after an uprising against Chinese rule.

“People in Hong Kong are pursuing what is rightfully theirs — basic human rights and democracy,” he said.

“What you see (in Hong Kong) already took place in Tibet. We have been victims of a national security law. Unfortunately, it is being introduced and implemented in Hong Kong.”

Sangay, whose government-in-exile in the Indian Himalayas is fiercely opposed by China, also warned India not to trust Beijing’s claims on the long-standing border dispute.

India and China have been locked in their worst border standoff in decades. Twenty Indian troops were killed in a hand-to-hand battle with Chinese forces dying in the Ladakh region last month.

Following diplomatic and military talks, India on Monday claimed Chinese troops were taking down tents and other infrastructure from along the contested border.

“De-escalation is good, pulling back troops is good. But we always say verify, verify, verify, then only trust China. We hope deescalation is real. We hope there is no another front opening up soon.”

The border dispute between the nuclear-armed neighbours has raged for more than six decades. The two sides fought a frontier war in 1962 and there have been frequent clashes since.

“The expansionist drive (of China) that we have been seeing for centuries is what we witnessed at the border of India and China in Galwan,” Sangay said.

“We don’t want war. We want peace in the region. But I think China wants to be the number one in the world and number one definitely in Asia with no or a distant number two.”

Sangay said he supported an Indian government ban on Chinese apps including WeChat, which is widely used by Tibetans around the world to communicate with families back home. China has banned all other platforms.

“For the last six or seven years I have been discouraging people from using WeChat primarily because of security concerns. It is compromised. They can listen to it and your relatives can get into trouble.

“I am sure Tibetans will find other alternatives to communicate with relatives back home,” said the Tibetan leader. –

Courtesy – News18

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Nana Patekar Plays Spy Legend R.N Kao, First RAW Chief https://theeasternlink.com/nana-patekar-plays-spy-legend-r-n-kao-first-raw-chief/ https://theeasternlink.com/nana-patekar-plays-spy-legend-r-n-kao-first-raw-chief/#respond Thu, 09 Jul 2020 06:00:47 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5705

Film producer Firoz Nadiadwala says he is making a web series as well as a feature film on the life of legendary spymaster Rameshwar Nath Kao, the founder of India’s external intelligence agency Research & Analysis Wing (RAW). Nadiadwala said he has been working on the series for five years and it will be lavishly […]

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Film producer Firoz Nadiadwala says he is making a web series as well as a feature film on the life of legendary spymaster Rameshwar Nath Kao, the founder of India’s external intelligence agency Research & Analysis Wing (RAW).

Nadiadwala said he has been working on the series for five years and it will be lavishly produced.

“We have been working on this project for five years. It’s a story that deserves to be shared and known by everyone, hence we are making it first as a web-series with 20 episodes being planned at the moment. We are in talks with two major streaming platforms for it,” Nadiadwala told PTI.

The producer said the film will be made simultaneously with the same cast and crew.

“This is first of its kind of a project and hence it has taken a lot of time not just in research but also on planning and execution,” Nadiadwala said.

He said the team is finalising cast and crew for the yet-to-be-titled project.

“We have Nana Patekar playing Mr Kao. We are in talks with other actors. An announcement regarding the cast and crew of the series will be made soon,” he added.

Kao, an intensely private man, was one of the founding fathers of the Directorate General of Security (DGS) in the aftermath of the disastrous Sino-Indian conflict in 1962 and brain behind the secretive Aviation Research Centre, India’s premier technical intelligence agency.

Courtesy – News18

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Not Border, But Civilisational Conflict https://theeasternlink.com/not-border-but-civilisational-conflict/ https://theeasternlink.com/not-border-but-civilisational-conflict/#respond Thu, 09 Jul 2020 05:52:18 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5700

In these troubled times, when the soldiers of the two largest nations of the world fight and kill each other so viciously, let us try to trace the historical roots of such antagonism. If both nations hark back to a common narrative about Buddhism being a gift from India and both respect the pious Chinese […]

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In these troubled times, when the soldiers of the two largest nations of the world fight and kill each other so viciously, let us try to trace the historical roots of such antagonism. If both nations hark back to a common narrative about Buddhism being a gift from India and both respect the pious Chinese monks who came here on pilgrimage, where does such pent up anger come from? We need to understand first that India and China are not just two nation states and that they are really two of the world’s oldest and largest civilisations. This means they are steered by cultural values that go deep into their history. The current imbroglio indicates that somewhere down the line, their civilisational approaches diverged rather sharply. 

Once we dig and mine through history and sift relevant facts, we are able to put our finger on the exact period when their paths forked widely and rather irretrievably. It is strange that history books never point to those remarkable decades between 260 and 230 BCE when the root programmes of the two subcontinents were decided upon, and set in stone for ever. We find that the regimes of India’s great emperor Ashoka (269 to 232 BCE) and China’s first emperor Qin Shi Huang (246 to 210 BCE) shared some a few decades in common. They were located far away from each other and we need to note how completely different their approaches were: to governance, nationhood, the ideals of the state and the role of the ruler and the people.

In his initial years, Ashoka was reportedly aggressive, if we go by the Lankan Buddhist chronicles, but some time after the bloody Battle of Kalinga (circa 260 BC), he became a complete pacifist. On the other hand, Qin (pronounced as ‘Chin’) had emerged as the first great unifier of the Chinese people through a series of bloodbaths and he kept his sword drenched in blood all through. He lent his name to the unified ‘nation’ and cut through local variations to develop a common written language for the entire Chinese people. 

At this point, the initial divergences become clear between the homogeneity imposed by China’s emperor and the heterogeneity encouraged by India’s ruler. Ashoka issued well over 30 edicts and inscriptions on rocks and pillars in far-flung corners of his empire and used different languages like Prakrit, Greek and Aramaic. Their scripts ranged from different variants of Brahmi to Kharoshthi and others. Not only was the language and the messaging modified to suit local cultural nuances and sentiments, even the body was edited to factor in indigenous sentiments. For instance, his thirteenth rock edict expressing remorse for the slaughter at Kalinga was identical in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan, but it was suitably modified at the sites in Odisha.

Ancient China had no room for local diversity and insists, more so now, that it has to be the same language and script throughout its territory and wonders how India can be one nation with 22 major languages, dozens of other languages and over 600 dialects. Not only was coinage made common in China some 23 centuries ago but even the length of the axle of carts and carriages had to be absolutely uniform. Deviations were punished severely and dissenters were executed, and this spirit is alive even now. Contrast this to the Dhamma that Ashoka propagated as “mercy, charity, truthfulness, purity, gentleness, and virtue” in his Major Pillar Edict No. 7. 

When Ashoka prohibited the slaughter of animals as seen in his Major Rock Edicts numbers I and II, he reflected in a way the collective consciousness of the people of this country. It is amazing to note that even the vast majority of non-vegetarians here, whether Hindu or otherwise, eat the flesh of just a handful of animals out of the 8.7 million species, most unlike other countries of the world. The difference is more pronounced in China and according to the Humane Society International, more than one crore dogs and some 40 lakh cats are eaten there every year.

The ‘wet market’ of Wuhan came into the limelight when Covid-19 appeared in that city and among the live animals slashed and cut with knives before customers were bats, raccoons, civets, pangolins, boars, rats, snakes, frogs and dozens of others. The 2009 volume of Entomological Research lists 187 species of edible insects that many Chinese eat and it is common to see roadside vendors roasting and selling insects as delicacies. These include cockroaches (there are farms to breed them), bees, earthworms, locusts, scorpions, dung beetles, crickets, big flies, mantis, grasshoppers and others. 

The point is that the basic regard for life that is cherished even by non-vegetarians in India is alien to most Chinese. While India has no record of ever attacking any foreign country, China revels in its history of aggression. We may not have followed all desirable ideals but we feel guilty and know what we should have done. We are schooled to stop at some point—and our diet is just an example. But we confront a civilisation that considers restraint as weakness. The fact is, however, that we have to live with the other culture so we must learn to understand its worldview and adjust our sights and strategies accordingly.

Jawhar Sircar   
Retired civil servant. Former Culture Secretary and ex-CEO, Prasar Bharati

Courtesy – New Indian Express

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Chinese PLA Ups Tibetan Recruitment https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-pla-ups-tibetan-recruitment/ https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-pla-ups-tibetan-recruitment/#respond Wed, 08 Jul 2020 06:08:14 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5663

The Chinese PLA , involved in bloody border brawls with the Indian Army, has substantially increased of ethnic Tibetans in its force.A confidential report on such recruitments prepared by an Indian agency monitoring China and now available with Easternlink says five new military units totally staffed by Tibetan soldiers (mostly cross Han-Tibetans born of Chinese […]

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The Chinese PLA , involved in bloody border brawls with the Indian Army, has substantially increased of ethnic Tibetans in its force.
A confidential report on such recruitments prepared by an Indian agency monitoring China and now available with Easternlink says five new military units totally staffed by Tibetan soldiers (mostly cross Han-Tibetans born of Chinese fathers-Tibetan mothers or Tibetan fathers-Chinese mothers) have been launched on 15 June this year.
That was the day after President Xi Jinping’s 67th birthday and also the day when the PLA unleashed treacherous attacks on Indian army at Galwan Valley in Ladakh .  23 Indian soldiers and 11 are still missing , 110 injured of which 24 were hospitalised. The Chinese lost 18/20 in the evening brawl, 29 in fierce counter-action by the ‘Ghataks’ of 3rd Punjab  and 20-25 in the huge landslide which the Chinese allege was triggered by Indians exploding dynamites but the Indians dismiss just as ‘Hand of God’. 
A Chinese dissident PLA officer Jiangli is said to claimed more than 100 deaths but Boom says tweets attirbuted to his claim were fake .
On 15 June,  Tibet Military District Commissar Lt Gen Zhang Xuejie launched five special Tibetan military units , three of which bore names like  ‘Air Patrol Teams’, ‘Polar Communication Teams’ and ‘Extreme Climbing Teams’.Two of the five units had not yet been named — or their names have been missed out by the Indian intelligence radar.  

It was not clear what specific roles these teams have been trained for, but military intelligence analysts suggest it was certain that the Tibetans, hardy high mountain fighters as they naturally are, would be inducted for special roles in the Himalayan conflict zones. If China has ambitions to have a presence in the Poles, they might be useful , as the name of one of the units suggests.
India has several units of Tibetans like the Special Frontier Force and the highly secretive, heli-ski specialist  ‘Vishal Force’ who have played a big role in Indian army’s capture and control of strategic heights like Siachen.  
The Chinese worry about these Tibetan units and other para-trained special forces retained by the US which trained the best fighters of the Tibetan ‘Tengsun Mangla Magar’ or National Volunteer Defense Army in the 1950-60s who were para-dropped in Tibet from bases in East Pakistan . John Prados’ “President’s Secret Army’ and a host of other books including my “Insurgent Crossfire” provides details of the joint India-US backed Tibetan guerrilla warfare before the 1962 war . 
With a bill placed in US Congress for recognising Tibet’s independence and loud noises in India suggesting Delhi should play the ‘Tibetan card’ ,  Beijing’s worst nightmares are no longer Humphrey Hawksley fiction .
So while only one Uighur has made it to the PLA’s top leadership so far, many Tibetans seems to have made it to very top. Uighur origin Saimath Muhhamat is a major general in the PLA and now deputy commandant of the Lanzhou Military Region.
Below is the list of senior Tibetan figures in the PLA . 
Tian Bao (Sangey Yeshi) : His Tibetan name is Senge Yeshi and is one of the few Tibetans who joined Mao’s Red Army during its Long March in 1935. He was the political Commissar of the PLA in Tibet and perhaps most powerful Tibetan in both Army and the Administration in the region and probably the whole of China. He was the Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee established in late 1968 and was elected a full member of the CCP Central Committee at the 10th Congress8 . 
Maj Gen Thubten Thinley. He is a 56 year-old Tibetan, born in December, 1961 in Lhasa. He is one of the senior most serving Tibetan officer9 . (i) Thubten Thinley was admitted to the Communist Party in July 1987 after spending three years in the lower ranks of the PLA. Prior to joining the military, he completed a four year university course and then did a couple of mid-career stints at the Central Party School in Beijing. (ii) The selection of General Thubten Thinley is nonetheless a clear indication of the importance attached by Beijing to the ‘poverty alleviation’ program, via ‘local’ Army enrolment. Possibly his main job is probably the recruitment of Tibetans in the PLA. 

Maj Gen Ngawang Sonam : He is a Tibetan General who is presently deputy commander of TMD. Ngawang Sonam was born in Yushu, (Jyekundo in today’s Qinghai province) in October 1962. He became a member of the Communist Party of China early in his life and graduated in Political Work from the PLA’s Xuanhua Artillery Command Academy. He was a PLA delegate to the 12th National Peoples’ Party (NPC). He was then serving as deputy commander of the Qinghai Military Region.

Guowa Jiamaoji :  The 54 year old was born in a Tibetan area of northwest China’s Qinghai province and has been serving in the PLA’s Political Work Department Song and Dance Troupe as folk singer for over 20 years. In March 2018, while speaking during a panel session at the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Guowa mentioned of prejudice against Tibetan cadres, especially in Han-dominated areas . 
 Maj Bai Ma Luo Bu : This officer has been seen on numerous occasions during the BPMs held at Bumla. Aged around 35-38 years, he has 12-14 years of service. It is however uncertain whether he belongs to the BD or regular force. The CCP has had representation from the Tibetans as well. China has ensured that the Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region People’s Government, since 1979 is invariably a Tibetan with strong communist ideology. 

Important Tibetans as members of the CCP in the province include:- (a) Che Dalha : Che Dalha, aged 59, is an ethnic Tibetan who hails from Shangri-La (formerly known as Zhongdian County) in Yunnan province. He is Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) since January 2017. Che is the senior-most Tibetan official in the TAR and a member of the Communist Party of CCP’s Central Committee12 . (b) Losang Jamcan : He is an ethnic Tibetan politician in the PRC. He is the President of TAR People’s Congress Standing Committee, 
The Chinese military intelligence and the MSS recruits large number of Tibetans who are sent to penetrate the Dalai Lama/ Central Tibetan Authority networks in India and other Tibetan groups elsewhere in the world.
Their families received goodies if they succeed , but face trouble if they don’t deliver. 
11 Tibetan-origin Chinese passport holders have been recently arrested in the North Bengal region for trying to melt into the Indian milieu on expiry of their visas. 
In decades gone by, such Chinese-trained Tibetans would feign escape from their homeland fo join the CTA or Tibetan Youth Congress as embedded spies , but this writer knows of at least one case where a smart Indian Counter-Intelligence spotted three of them in fine physical condition impossible for someone exposed to frostbite and other vagaries of nature in a tough escape .
 These three were trailed discreetly until they have penetrated the CTA and Dalai Lama set-up and started radioing inputs back to their handlers. They were arrested and punished in secret.

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China Opens A New Hong Kong Security Agency Headquarters https://theeasternlink.com/china-opens-a-new-hong-kong-security-agency-headquarters/ https://theeasternlink.com/china-opens-a-new-hong-kong-security-agency-headquarters/#respond Wed, 08 Jul 2020 05:30:00 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5675

China has  opened a new office for its security agents to operate openly in Hong Kong for the first time under a tough new law. This office was now based in a top hotel in the city.“The Office for Safeguarding National Security of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was […]

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China has  opened a new office for its security agents to operate openly in Hong Kong for the first time under a tough new law. This office was now based in a top hotel in the city.
“The Office for Safeguarding National Security of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was inaugurated here on Wednesday morning,” China’s official Xinhua news agency said.
The new base is the Metropark Hotel, a skyscraper overlooking Hong Kong’s Victoria Park.
A plaque bearing the security agency’s name was unveiled early Wednesday in front of Hong Kong government and police officials, an AFP reporter on the scene said. Police blocked roads around the hotel and surrounded it with heavy water-filled barriers.
A Chinese flag was unfurled on a pole erected outside the building while a plaque bearing the emblem of the People’s Republic of China went up overnight.

Police (L) speak to staff (R) at the front door of the Metro Park hotel in Causeway Bay on July 7, 2020, the hotel which is being retrofitted and turned into office for safeguarding national security of the people?s republic of China in the Hong Kong special administrative region. – China opened a new office for its security agents to operate openly in Hong Kong for the first time under a tough new law, transforming a hotel into the force’s headquarters. (Photo by ISAAC LAWRENCE / AFP)

Beijing imposed a new security law on Hong Kong last week targeting acts of subversion, secession, terrorism and foreign collusion.
The law is the most radical change in Hong Kong’s freedoms and autonomy since Britain handed the city back to China in 1997.
The content of the law was kept secret until it was enacted and bypassed Hong Kong’s legislature.
China has said it will have jurisdiction over the most serious cases, toppling the legal firewall that has existed between its party-controlled courts and Hong Kong’s independent judiciary since the handover
from Britain in 1997.
Among the many precedent-breaking provisions the law contains is authorization for China’s security apparatus to work openly inside Hong Kong, with powers to investigate and prosecute national security-related crimes.

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Appeal To Stop CHT Faction Feud https://theeasternlink.com/appeal-to-stop-cht-faction-feud/ https://theeasternlink.com/appeal-to-stop-cht-faction-feud/#respond Wed, 08 Jul 2020 04:30:44 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5686

In an appeal to the two warring factions of the Janasanhati Samiti of the Chakma tribespeople in Bangladesh, Mr Sachib Chakma, on behalf of the United Peoiples’ Democratic Front, has called for an immediate end to hostilities and in-fighting.  The recent outbreak  of violence where two factions attacked each other with arms, resulting in the death […]

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In an appeal to the two warring factions of the Janasanhati Samiti of the Chakma tribespeople in Bangladesh, Mr Sachib Chakma, on behalf of the United Peoiples’ Democratic Front, has called for an immediate end to hostilities and in-fighting. 
 The recent outbreak  of violence where two factions attacked each other with arms, resulting in the death of six people and injuries to three more, he said , had   only intensified and created divisions  among the Chakmas, which helped  the country’s rulers.
 Unless the Janasanghati  factions  settled their differences and worked together in the common cause of the progress and welfare of Chakmas, the long bitter battle for their survival carried out over two decades would be nullified, he warned.     
Six cadres of thr PCJSS ( M N Larma faction ) were killed in a bitter clash between two factions of the Parbattya Chattogram JanSanghati Samity early on Tuesday.

Police said armed fighters of M.N Larma and the Santu Larma factions were involved in the clash at Baghmara-Rongali area of Bandarban district in Bangladesh’s southerneastern mountain region of Chittagong Hill Tracts.
” The clash was one-sided, all the six killed belonged to MN Larma faction and the attackers belonged to Santu Larma faction ,” a police official told Easternlink .
He said the armed cadres of SL faction attacked their rivals in Baghmara around 7am.
While six MN faction cadres were gunned down on the spot , three others were hospitalised with bullet wounds.
Police and security forces have encircled the conflict zone but the attackers have fled and no arrests were reported so far.
Panic gripped the whole area after the brutal killings .
Bangladesh intelligence reports suggests that Santu Larma, the authoritarian PCJSS patriarch, has recently accquired a huge weapons consignment from Myanmar, possibly in connivance with the Burmese army Tatmadaw, after his representatives covertly visited Yangon last year.
Larma also visited India to curry favour with BJP leaders.
” Since early this year, as Bangladesh reels under Covid pandemic, Larma has unleashed an area domination armed campaign against factional rivals seeking monopoly over extortion rackets,” said a Bangladesh intelligence officer in Bandarban.
He said this could be a prelude to unleashing attacks against Bangali settlers and security forces with tacit Burmese backing.
” Santu Larma is the most divisive figure in our autonomy-separatist movement. He is originally a Maoist who started the Rangamati Communist Party and then joined the mass party PCJSS founded by his brother M N Larma, a former MP,” says one time PCJSS leader and author of a recent autobiographical book  , Priti Chakma.

Violent factionalism between the groups was visible in the run-up to the national elections held on December 30, 2018.

 In the months preceding the polls , six UPDF (faction not identified) activists were killed. Another three had been killed in August, while two were killed in September 2018, and one in November. Though the attackers were not identified, reports indicated that they were killed due to factional rivalry.

CHT is spread across 13,189 square kilometres and consists of three Districts: Rangamati, Khagrachhari and Bandarban, and has a history of two decades of insurgency, between 1977 and 1997, over the ethnic tribals’ demand for autonomy and land rights. 

The insurgency terminated with the signing of 1997 CHT Peace Accord between the Government and the undivided PCJSS led by Jyotirindra Bodhipriya Larma aka Santu Larma. 

After the signing of the Accord, factionalism became rampant in PCJSS ranks. The first split came in 1997 itself, when Prasit Bikash Khisha formed UPDF-Prasit, after leaving PCJSS in protest against the Accord. The second split occurred in 2007, when a faction led by Sudha Sindho Khisa formed PCJSS-Reformation. The parent group split again, into PCJSS- M.N Larma and PCJSS-Santu Larma, in 2010.

In the meantime, UPDF also suffered a split with the formation of UPDF-Democratic, led by Tapan Jyoti Chakma aka Borma aka Jalwa in November 2017. The multiple splits have fuelled violence in the region. Indeed, since the signing of the Accord in 1997, around 600 people have been killed in the three Hill Districts in clashes mostly arising out of factionalism.

According to Rangmati Police and intelligence sources, yearly fatalities in CHT due to clashes between these groups were 22 in 2018. In 2017 and 2016 the fatalities stood at 18 and 23 respectively.

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Jadhav Refuses Death Penalty Review! https://theeasternlink.com/jadhav-refuses-death-penalty-review/ https://theeasternlink.com/jadhav-refuses-death-penalty-review/#respond Wed, 08 Jul 2020 03:30:19 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5689

Pakistan has offered India a second consular access to Kulbushan Jadhav, the former Indian Navy officer who is on a death row. He was arrested on charges of espionage in Balochistan in March 2016 and sentenced to death by a military court a year later. “In the first round, he met his mother and wife […]

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Pakistan has offered India a second consular access to Kulbushan Jadhav, the former Indian Navy officer who is on a death row. He was arrested on charges of espionage in Balochistan in March 2016 and sentenced to death by a military court a year later.

“In the first round, he met his mother and wife and now we have offered to let him meet his father and wife,” Additional Attorney General Ahmed Irfan said in a press conference on Wednesday.

Irfan jointly held the press conference with Director-General of South Asia and SAARC at the Pakistan Foreign Office, Zahid Hafeez Chaudhri. They told the media that Pakistan enacted the International Court of Justice Review and Reconsideration Ordinance, 2020 in May this year which allows review petitions within a certain period of time.

But the officials said that Jadhav has refused to file a review petition against the death sentence awarded to him. Last July, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Pakistan to provide consular access to Jadhav and review his death sentence.

“The petitions can be filed before the Islamabad High Court,” explained Irfan, adding that in this case, it can be filed by Jadhav himself, an appointed representative or a consular official of the Indian high commission.

“On June 17 we invited Jadhav to file a petition for the reconsideration of his conviction and offered him legal representation but he refused to file the petition and instead preferred to follow up on his pending mercy petition,” said Irfan.

He said the government had also repeatedly written to the Indian high commission to file the petition and initiate the process for a review before the deadline.

“Pakistan is fully cognizant of its international obligations and committed to implementing the ICJ judgment in letter and spirit,” he said expressing hope that India will follow due legal course and cooperate with courts in Pakistan to give effect to the ICJ judgement.

India has rejected the allegations against Jadhav and said he was kidnapped by Pakistani operatives from the Iranian port of Chabahar, where he was running a business. In May 2017, New Delhi petitioned the ICJ, which stayed Jadhav’s execution. In its ruling on July 17, the ICJ said its stay of the death sentence should continue.

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