India China war – The Eastern Link https://theeasternlink.com Connecting Regions of Asia. Wed, 08 Jul 2020 06:18:26 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.5.3 https://theeasternlink.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/cropped-external-link-symbol-32x32.png India China war – The Eastern Link https://theeasternlink.com 32 32 Chinese PLA Ups Tibetan Recruitment https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-pla-ups-tibetan-recruitment/ https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-pla-ups-tibetan-recruitment/#respond Wed, 08 Jul 2020 06:08:14 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5663

The Chinese PLA , involved in bloody border brawls with the Indian Army, has substantially increased of ethnic Tibetans in its force.A confidential report on such recruitments prepared by an Indian agency monitoring China and now available with Easternlink says five new military units totally staffed by Tibetan soldiers (mostly cross Han-Tibetans born of Chinese […]

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The Chinese PLA , involved in bloody border brawls with the Indian Army, has substantially increased of ethnic Tibetans in its force.
A confidential report on such recruitments prepared by an Indian agency monitoring China and now available with Easternlink says five new military units totally staffed by Tibetan soldiers (mostly cross Han-Tibetans born of Chinese fathers-Tibetan mothers or Tibetan fathers-Chinese mothers) have been launched on 15 June this year.
That was the day after President Xi Jinping’s 67th birthday and also the day when the PLA unleashed treacherous attacks on Indian army at Galwan Valley in Ladakh .  23 Indian soldiers and 11 are still missing , 110 injured of which 24 were hospitalised. The Chinese lost 18/20 in the evening brawl, 29 in fierce counter-action by the ‘Ghataks’ of 3rd Punjab  and 20-25 in the huge landslide which the Chinese allege was triggered by Indians exploding dynamites but the Indians dismiss just as ‘Hand of God’. 
A Chinese dissident PLA officer Jiangli is said to claimed more than 100 deaths but Boom says tweets attirbuted to his claim were fake .
On 15 June,  Tibet Military District Commissar Lt Gen Zhang Xuejie launched five special Tibetan military units , three of which bore names like  ‘Air Patrol Teams’, ‘Polar Communication Teams’ and ‘Extreme Climbing Teams’.Two of the five units had not yet been named — or their names have been missed out by the Indian intelligence radar.  

It was not clear what specific roles these teams have been trained for, but military intelligence analysts suggest it was certain that the Tibetans, hardy high mountain fighters as they naturally are, would be inducted for special roles in the Himalayan conflict zones. If China has ambitions to have a presence in the Poles, they might be useful , as the name of one of the units suggests.
India has several units of Tibetans like the Special Frontier Force and the highly secretive, heli-ski specialist  ‘Vishal Force’ who have played a big role in Indian army’s capture and control of strategic heights like Siachen.  
The Chinese worry about these Tibetan units and other para-trained special forces retained by the US which trained the best fighters of the Tibetan ‘Tengsun Mangla Magar’ or National Volunteer Defense Army in the 1950-60s who were para-dropped in Tibet from bases in East Pakistan . John Prados’ “President’s Secret Army’ and a host of other books including my “Insurgent Crossfire” provides details of the joint India-US backed Tibetan guerrilla warfare before the 1962 war . 
With a bill placed in US Congress for recognising Tibet’s independence and loud noises in India suggesting Delhi should play the ‘Tibetan card’ ,  Beijing’s worst nightmares are no longer Humphrey Hawksley fiction .
So while only one Uighur has made it to the PLA’s top leadership so far, many Tibetans seems to have made it to very top. Uighur origin Saimath Muhhamat is a major general in the PLA and now deputy commandant of the Lanzhou Military Region.
Below is the list of senior Tibetan figures in the PLA . 
Tian Bao (Sangey Yeshi) : His Tibetan name is Senge Yeshi and is one of the few Tibetans who joined Mao’s Red Army during its Long March in 1935. He was the political Commissar of the PLA in Tibet and perhaps most powerful Tibetan in both Army and the Administration in the region and probably the whole of China. He was the Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee established in late 1968 and was elected a full member of the CCP Central Committee at the 10th Congress8 . 
Maj Gen Thubten Thinley. He is a 56 year-old Tibetan, born in December, 1961 in Lhasa. He is one of the senior most serving Tibetan officer9 . (i) Thubten Thinley was admitted to the Communist Party in July 1987 after spending three years in the lower ranks of the PLA. Prior to joining the military, he completed a four year university course and then did a couple of mid-career stints at the Central Party School in Beijing. (ii) The selection of General Thubten Thinley is nonetheless a clear indication of the importance attached by Beijing to the ‘poverty alleviation’ program, via ‘local’ Army enrolment. Possibly his main job is probably the recruitment of Tibetans in the PLA. 

Maj Gen Ngawang Sonam : He is a Tibetan General who is presently deputy commander of TMD. Ngawang Sonam was born in Yushu, (Jyekundo in today’s Qinghai province) in October 1962. He became a member of the Communist Party of China early in his life and graduated in Political Work from the PLA’s Xuanhua Artillery Command Academy. He was a PLA delegate to the 12th National Peoples’ Party (NPC). He was then serving as deputy commander of the Qinghai Military Region.

Guowa Jiamaoji :  The 54 year old was born in a Tibetan area of northwest China’s Qinghai province and has been serving in the PLA’s Political Work Department Song and Dance Troupe as folk singer for over 20 years. In March 2018, while speaking during a panel session at the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Guowa mentioned of prejudice against Tibetan cadres, especially in Han-dominated areas . 
 Maj Bai Ma Luo Bu : This officer has been seen on numerous occasions during the BPMs held at Bumla. Aged around 35-38 years, he has 12-14 years of service. It is however uncertain whether he belongs to the BD or regular force. The CCP has had representation from the Tibetans as well. China has ensured that the Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region People’s Government, since 1979 is invariably a Tibetan with strong communist ideology. 

Important Tibetans as members of the CCP in the province include:- (a) Che Dalha : Che Dalha, aged 59, is an ethnic Tibetan who hails from Shangri-La (formerly known as Zhongdian County) in Yunnan province. He is Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) since January 2017. Che is the senior-most Tibetan official in the TAR and a member of the Communist Party of CCP’s Central Committee12 . (b) Losang Jamcan : He is an ethnic Tibetan politician in the PRC. He is the President of TAR People’s Congress Standing Committee, 
The Chinese military intelligence and the MSS recruits large number of Tibetans who are sent to penetrate the Dalai Lama/ Central Tibetan Authority networks in India and other Tibetan groups elsewhere in the world.
Their families received goodies if they succeed , but face trouble if they don’t deliver. 
11 Tibetan-origin Chinese passport holders have been recently arrested in the North Bengal region for trying to melt into the Indian milieu on expiry of their visas. 
In decades gone by, such Chinese-trained Tibetans would feign escape from their homeland fo join the CTA or Tibetan Youth Congress as embedded spies , but this writer knows of at least one case where a smart Indian Counter-Intelligence spotted three of them in fine physical condition impossible for someone exposed to frostbite and other vagaries of nature in a tough escape .
 These three were trailed discreetly until they have penetrated the CTA and Dalai Lama set-up and started radioing inputs back to their handlers. They were arrested and punished in secret.

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Huge Indian Army Deployment In Ladakh Amid Pullback https://theeasternlink.com/huge-indian-army-deployment-in-ladakh-amid-pullback/ https://theeasternlink.com/huge-indian-army-deployment-in-ladakh-amid-pullback/#respond Tue, 07 Jul 2020 17:30:24 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5626

S.Govindan & Gyamtsho Topden, Leh  The Indian Army is taking no chances in Ladakh as it goes ahead with one of its largest ever  deployment amidst the stand off with China. This is in response to the huge build up by the Chinese along the Line of Actual Control.Both armies have started pulling back from eyeball-to-eyeball […]

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S.Govindan & Gyamtsho Topden, Leh 

The Indian Army is taking no chances in Ladakh as it goes ahead with one of its largest ever  deployment amidst the stand off with China.
 This is in response to the huge build up by the Chinese along the Line of Actual Control.
Both armies have started pulling back from eyeball-to-eyeball situations to defuse tensions after a 2 hour phonecall between Indian NSA Ajit Doval and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, both Special Representatives for Border Negotiations.
“But the Indian army will not take chances and stay prepared to meet any challenge,” said a formation commander.
Earlier, Ladakh had only one division. However, now there are four divisions. Each division comprises around 20,000 troops. 
Recently, the new division from Uttar Pradesh was moved to eastern Ladakh and it would remained stationed over there.
On Friday, Prime Minister, Narendra Modi paid a surprise visit to Nimu in Ladakh. This was aimed at both boosting the morale of the forces as well as send a strong message to China.

The huge build up comes in the backdrop of inputs that the Chinese may attempt an incursion. The Indian Army is taking no chance and is keeping a close guard along the Line of Actual Control.
On the other hand, the Indian Air Force’s capability has been ramped up immensely, with the induction of the C-17 Globemaster Super Hercules and the CH-47 Chinook. The Indian Army’s strike formations are now spearheaded by the T-90 tanks.
Airlifting the T-90s was an important aspect for the IAF. The 46 tonne tanks is very crucial to the Indian Army as it faces the Chinese deployments, which also include a mix of both heavy and light tanks.

Airlifting the T-90 tank was possible only due to C-17, which has a payload capacity of 77 tonnes. The C-17 have come in handy because the Il-76 could airlift only 45 tonnes, while the weight of the T-90 is 46 tonnes. The C-17s have been in service since 2013 and there are 11 of them.
The Indian Army had three regiments of the older T-72 tanks, which weigh around 40 tonnes. Earlier, the IL-76 would airlift the T-72s and this is an exercise that has been going on since the 1990s.
The deployment comes when India and China have started showing first signs of disengagement at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh where the situation has been volatile for over two months.
The removal of Chinese tents in Galwan Valley followed a two-hour telephonic conversation on Sunday between the Special Representatives of India and China on the Boundary Question.
India’s National Security Advisor (NSA), Ajit Doval, and China’s State Councillor and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Wang Yi, spoke to each other, two days after Prime Minster Narendra Modi’s visit to operational areas in Ladakh.

Officials observing the situation on the ground call it a “piecemeal de-escalation” and a first step taken to defuse the situation.
The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has removed tents and structures at Patrol Point 14 in Galwan Valley of Eastern Ladakh where the bloody clash took place on June 15 but the retreat has to be verified on the ground, government sources said.
“Removal of tents is visible but whether they have pulled back needs to be verified on ground,” said an official. The talks at the NSA’s have had a big impact on the two armies. After three rounds of top military commanders talks, a need was felt to escalate the dialogue to reach a consensus for a resolution, government sources said. 
In Galwan, 20 Indian soldiers, including a commanding officer, were killed in the ugly clashes. China has not revealed its casualties, though reports from the ground indicated they faced losses.
The disengagement has started as per terms agreed in the Corps Commanders meeting on June 30. “No specific distance of the pull back can be confirmed as it needs to be verified,” said another official.

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Chinese Backs Easternlink’s PLA Casualty Figure https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-backs-easternlinks-pla-casualty-figure/ https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-backs-easternlinks-pla-casualty-figure/#comments Mon, 06 Jul 2020 16:11:52 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5600

Subir Bhaumik / James Alavi , Washington  Easternlink is the only media outlet that has consistently claimed between 80 to 100 Chinese casualties in the June 15 Ladakh clashes .The Indian government and the military topbrass , in pursuit of a highly defensive 3D strategy – defuse, de-escalate, disengage- to scale down tensions, has not […]

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Subir Bhaumik / James Alavi , Washington 

Easternlink is the only media outlet that has consistently claimed between 80 to 100 Chinese casualties in the June 15 Ladakh clashes .
The Indian government and the military topbrass , in pursuit of a highly defensive 3D strategy – defuse, de-escalate, disengage- to scale down tensions, has not come clean on the issue, only admitting Indian losses.
Easternlink had put Indian losses at 23 killed and 11 missing , 110 injured of whom 24 were serious.
The absurd extent to which the Army has gone to ‘sanitize’ reporting, obviously on instructions from political masters communicated  through the one-point system, about the valor of its own soldiers , when some officers served a legal notice on The Quint for running a story on tge May5 clash , in which young Indian lieutenant is puported to have punched a Chinese Major. 

Now Easternlink’s casualty figures, secured from field formation sources , has berm vindicated by a top Chinese source.
Jianli Yang, a former Chinese military official and son of a leader in the Chinese communist party, has claimed in Washington that ‘more than 100 Chinese soldiers were killed’  in the 15th June clash .
Jianli has pulled up the Chinese government for  hiding this information from the Chinese people. 
“President Xi Jinping is worried that if the information regarding the soldiers, killed in the Galwan valley, is disclosed the serving, as well as the retired soldiers, can revolt. Not only this but even there can be a rebellion, even from within the communist party,” Jianli told mediapersons in a rare encounter.

He claimed he had this from ‘Chinese and not Ametican sources.’ 

Disgruntled retired and serving Chinese Army cadres, who are hurt by the treatment meted out by the government, can launch an “armed” anti-regime action against Xi Jinping’s government, he said.

In an opinion piece in The Washington Post, Jianli Yang, the founder and president of Citizen Power Initiatives for China, wrote that Beijing fears that the admitting that it had lost troops, that too more in number than its opponent, could lead to major domestic unrest that can even put the regime of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in trouble.

“The PLA has long been a key pillar of the CCP’s power. If the sentiments of the serving PLA cadres are hurt and they get together with the millions of disgruntled veterans (which may be facilitated by those within the PLA who are already unhappy with Xi — and there are thousands of them, such as those who were hurt by Xi’s move to separate PLA from commercial activities), they could form a formidable force capable of challenging Xi’s leadership,” he writes.

“Significantly, the CCP leadership cannot afford to undermine the veterans’ potential to launch a collective and armed anti-regime action. Hence, the continuing incidence of veterans’ protests, despite significant coercive pressure and bureaucratic measures, is a source of intense anxiety for Xi Jinping and the CCP leadership,” he adds.

While most Indian media, dependent on the ‘sanitised version’ of military PR system, focussed on the early evening clashes that led to 23 Indian deaths and 18/20 Chinese deaths ( after the Punjab, Mahars and Arty soldiers rushed to back the surprised 16th Bihar) , Easternlink reported massive retaliatory attacks 2 Chinese encampments by the ‘Ghataks’ that led to atleast 29 Chinese deaths. 

It also reported of a landslide, possibly caused by an explosion , that buried a Chinese camp, where Indian patrols had last sighted 25 PLA troops around 1730 hours on 15th June.

The Chinese claimed the Indians were responsible for the explosions, but Indians denied the charge and ascribed it to “Hand of God” because that night there was much lightning and thunder .

Some Chinese also fell off the cliff when chased by the fierce Sikhs of the 3rd Punjab ‘ Ghatak” or killer platoons.

Sepoys Gurtej Singh and ‘Amritdhari’ Surinder Singh killed 12 and 10 Chinese each, striking terror in the hearts of the Chinese who now avoid contact with the tall and burly Sikhs .

Having provoked the Chinese by ‘take back Aksai Chin’ remarks , the Modi government then chickened out after the intrusions and despite brave talk meant for public consumption pushed local commanders to pursue military diplomacy rather than aggressive area domination.

” This is ridiculous. You loose wars when your war aims are confused.i  hope Delhi does 3D at political and diplomatic levels and allow the army to do its job,” said Maj-Gen Gaganjit Singh, former Mountain Division commander and deputy chief of DIA.The killing of Col Babu changed the scene as revenge hungry Indian troops went on the rampage , somewhat haphazardly in the initial stages and then through concerted planning by 14Corps Commander Lt Gen Harinder Singh.

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Outgunned And Outnumbered, Indian Army Relies On Brave Hearts To Stop Chinese https://theeasternlink.com/outgunned-and-outnumbered-indian-army-relies-on-brave-hearts-to-stop-chinese/ https://theeasternlink.com/outgunned-and-outnumbered-indian-army-relies-on-brave-hearts-to-stop-chinese/#respond Fri, 03 Jul 2020 15:58:18 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5559

As the tensions between Chinese PLA troops and Indian Army soldiers mount in the Galwan Valley along the contentious India-China border, Beijing has deployed six times more troops on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) according to various Indian media outlets quoting their sources. Zee News in its reports claims that China has not only […]

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As the tensions between Chinese PLA troops and Indian Army soldiers mount in the Galwan Valley along the contentious India-China border, Beijing has deployed six times more troops on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) according to various Indian media outlets quoting their sources.

Zee News in its reports claims that China has not only rapidly increased the number of soldiers along the LAC but has also stationed ground-to-air HQ 16 and HQ 9 missiles at the contentious India-China border. The HQ 16 missile has a range of 40 km while HQ 9 can hit targets up to 200 km.

In its comprehensive prime time report, Zee news states that China has also stationed heavy artillery,  missiles and anti-aircraft guns in the Depsang area near the LAC not very far from picturesque Pangong Lake.

Earlier, as EurAsian Times reported, China deployed more than 20,000 troops along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh. The latest development even though India is closely watching the movements of 10,000-12,000 Chinese PLA soldiers deployed in Xinjiang with high mobility vehicles and weaponry with the capability to reach the contentious border faster than Indian counterparts.

Chinese soldiers have built scores of trenches, prefabricated huts, bunkers and fortifications after seizing the ‘Finger-4 to 8’ area on the north bank of Pangong Lake in an extensive build-up since early-May. They have also captured of the nearby heights and ridgeline to dominate the area, according to Times of India.

The Chinese PLA soldiers, which has also boosted its positions on the south bank of the lake, wants Indian troops to retreat to the Finger-2 area. Ever since the deadly India-China border, Chinese soldiers have effectively blocked all Indian patrols from the Finger-4 to 8 area.

“It clearly shows the Chinese PLA  troops have no intention of leaving the area any time soon. We, too, have counter-mobilised with additional Army and ITBP troops in the area since May for any eventuality. We want restoration of status quo ante, with the PLA pulling back to its original position,” TOI quoted an Indian official.

Meanwhile, there are reports of slight reduction of soldiers at the four friction zones on the LAC but there is no let-up in concentration and mobilisation of forces by India and China.

Courtesy – eurasiantimes

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Pak Troop Movement In Ladakh https://theeasternlink.com/pak-troop-movement-in-ladakh/ https://theeasternlink.com/pak-troop-movement-in-ladakh/#respond Wed, 01 Jul 2020 05:37:26 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5466

At a time when the Indian and Chinese militaries continue to engage in talks to defuse the tension in Ladakh region, sources say Pakistan has started moving troops along the Gilgit-Baltistan area and the Chinese army is holding talks with terror organisation Al Badr to incite violence in Jammu and Kashmir. According to sources, Pakistan […]

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At a time when the Indian and Chinese militaries continue to engage in talks to defuse the tension in Ladakh region, sources say Pakistan has started moving troops along the Gilgit-Baltistan area and the Chinese army is holding talks with terror organisation Al Badr to incite violence in Jammu and Kashmir.

According to sources, Pakistan has moved almost 20,000 additional troops in the northern Ladakh region to match Chinese deployments.

Sources have indicated that Pakistan is looking at an opportunity to open a two-front attack on India. Meanwhile, there were a series of meetings between the Indian Army and intelligence officials to discuss the looming threat.

Sources have said Pakistan’s ISI, egged on by the Chinese, has further increased the sending of battle-hardened terrorists or even planning BAT operations in India.

Sources have also said that the groups are also discussing “internal sabotage” with the nearly 100 Pakistani terrorists inside Kashmir.

While security forces have had recent successes in killing over 120 terrorists in Kashmir, most of them are locals with only a handful foreign terrorists.

Sources have also indicated that Pakistan may try to do internal sabotage in India by attacking the security forces in J&K.

Indian and Chinese militaries on Tuesday held an over 10-hour Corps Commander-level dialogue with a focus on finalising modalities for the disengagement of troops from various standoff points in eastern Ladakh, and explored ways to ease tension in the region.

The Indian delegation conveyed concerns over China’s “new claim lines” in the region and demanded restoration of status quo ante as well as immediate withdrawal of Chinese troops from Galwan Valley, Pangong Tso and a number of other areas.

Courtesy – IndiaToday

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Allies Pitch In For India https://theeasternlink.com/allies-pitch-in-for-india/ https://theeasternlink.com/allies-pitch-in-for-india/#respond Mon, 29 Jun 2020 08:02:20 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5413

The US may not be willing to ‘loan out ‘ fighter squadrons to India in the event of a possible war with China, but most allies have already come forward to help India militarily to face the Ladakh stand-off.They are delivering urgently needed weapons and ammunition for the Indian armed forces. France has promised to deliver […]

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The US may not be willing to ‘loan out ‘ fighter squadrons to India in the event of a possible war with China, but most allies have already come forward to help India militarily to face the Ladakh stand-off.
They are delivering urgently needed weapons and ammunition for the Indian armed forces. 
France has promised to deliver additional Rafale jets next month.
An in-service Israeli air defence system is expected soon, precision artillery rounds will be sent by the US, and Russia will make early deliveries of ammunition and weapons worth $1 billion.

The commitments have been made after top-level bilateral talks after a high level  meeting in Delhi , where emergency financial powers were cleared to help the armed forces to prepare for a prolonged standoff in eastern Ladakh.
The first set of cutting-edge Rafale fighter jets – equipped with perhaps the world’s best long-range air-to-air missiles – is expected to reach India by July 27. 
As per the initial plan, four fighters were to reach the home base at Ambala next month but sources said that France has now made a commitment to send additional Rafales in the first batch. 

A total of eight aircraft are nearing certification but it is unclear how many additional fighters could be delivered early.
The planes will be flown in  by Indian pilots who have been trained in France and will be fully combat ready when they arrive at Ambala. 
Sources said that in support of early delivery, France has committed that it will deploy its aerial refuelers to ensure that the jets make it to India with just a single hop.
The favour by the French is no mere expression of solidarity which possibly it is.
” This is a gesture to impress the Indians , something that may help the French swing the impending 114- combat aircraft deal in their favour,” said Airpower analyst P.K Choudhury.
He told Easternlink that tge Russians have also agreed to fast -track the 12 Sukhoi-29 MIG29 deal to reinforce their old friendship with an eye of the mega 114 aircraft deal.
” The Americans want us to buy their F21 which is a marginally tweajed version of the F16 already in service of many forces for decades including Pakistan. They want to leverage their strategic relationship to sell us an old aircraft in a new casing. We should never take it,” said Choudhury.
” They are bad allies .”
Choudhury said India should choose between an advanced version of Su 57 or Rafale, and only consider the US if it offers F35 Raptors.”
Key defence supplier Israel – which showed its commitment as a reliable partner during the Kargil war too – is expected to deliver a much-needed air defence system that will be deployed along the border. 
Sources said that the unnamed air defence system is likely to come from the current holdings of the Israeli defence forces and would supplement the Ladakh sector. This would be useful as the Chinese side is said to have deployed its newly acquired S-400 air defence system in the sector as well.
India’s largest defence supplier Russia has pledged urgent delivery of weapons, ammunition and missiles that India asked for during the recent visit to Moscow by defence minister Rajnath Singh. 
A detailed list has been shared by India for several dozen requirements that would cost in excess of $1 billion and a commitment has been received from Russia of delivery within weeks.
Given that most land-based systems such as tanks and armoured carriers are of Russian origin, India is looking for a variety of ammunition that will be required in the event of a larger conflict.
 The air force is looking for urgent supply of air-dropped bombs and missiles while the army requires anti-tank missiles and man-portable air defence systems for the border.
India’s newest strategic partner – the US – has already been helping out with vital intelligence and satellite imagery that give military planners clarity on the border situation. Sources said that the US has invited India to share a list of all requirements with a commitment to be of assistance at the earliest.
In particular, additional Excalibur artillery rounds have been ordered on an emergency basis. The precision attack rounds with a range of over 40 km are used in a variety of artillery guns in the Indian inventory, including the M 777s that are designed for mountain warfare. 
These rounds are known for their accuracy and damage potential and have been tried and tested by the army.
Indications suggest India will get overwhelming diplomatic and support from major powers in the event of a war with China   full credit for which should go to Foreign Minister S Jaishanker and the MEA team headed by foreign secretary Harsh Shringla.
” Rarely has India had a foreign minister who can function like a hands-on team leader,” said foreign policy analyst Baladass Ghoshal.
But his task is cut out in the region where the Chinese have made deep inroads in the smaller countries of South Asia.

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Galwan Adventure To ‘Cost’ China A Lot :Experts https://theeasternlink.com/galwan-adventure-to-cost-china-a-lot-experts/ https://theeasternlink.com/galwan-adventure-to-cost-china-a-lot-experts/#comments Sat, 27 Jun 2020 12:49:00 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5355

China will have to pay a “heavy price” for decades for resorting to aggressive military behaviour towards India in eastern Ladakh as it will isolate the country globally, strategic affairs experts said on Saturday. They said the economic cost of China’s misadventure in the last couple of months in eastern Ladakh and South China will […]

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China will have to pay a “heavy price” for decades for resorting to aggressive military behaviour towards India in eastern Ladakh as it will isolate the country globally, strategic affairs experts said on Saturday.

They said the economic cost of China’s misadventure in the last couple of months in eastern Ladakh and South China will be “massive” as it has “exposed” Beijing’s “real face” when the entire world is fighting coronavirus.

The experts have also referred to China’s tariff war with the US, growing bickering with Australia on trade-related issues and the fast deteriorating situation in Hong Kong.

“China has made a huge mistake by resorting to aggressive military behaviour in eastern Ladakh. By triggering the standoff when the world is figting the coronavirus pandemic, China has exposed itself globally,” former Deputy Chief of Army Staff Lt Gen Gurmit Singh said.

“The cost for China will be huge. It will be heavy. It will keep paying the cost for several decades for killing Indian soldiers in Galwan valley on June 15. China has lost its goodwill in India and elsewhere,” he added.

Referring to brutal attacks on Indian soldiers in the Galwan valley, he said the action has reinforced the view that China’s People’s Liberation Army is “just a political” force and that it does not conform to military standards.

Former Deputy Chief of Army Staff Lt Gen Subrata Saha too said China is getting itself isolated by its unacceptable military aggression and the country will have to pay a heavy diplomatic and economic price for it.

Indian army soldiers take positions during their patrol near the Line of Control in Nowshera sector, about 90 kilometers from Jammu, India, Sunday, Oct. 2, 2016. India said Thursday it carried out “surgical strikes” against militants across the highly militarized frontier that divides the Kashmir region between India and Pakistan, in an exchange that escalated tensions between the nuclear-armed neighbors. (AP Photo/Channi Anand)

“China is isolating itself by its aggressive conduct both militarily and diplomatically. So there will be a price for it. It is putting itself into a corner,” he said.

Lt Gen Saha said there will a significant economic price that China will have to pay for its “misadventure”.

He also referred to growing international concerns about what is happening in Hong Kong, South China Sea as well as in East China Sea.

Gen Saha also talked about trade war between China and the US calling it a kind of “fight to finish” conflict. He also referred to China’s deepening trade crisis with Australia. The Indian and Chinese armies are locked in a bitter standoff in multiple locations in eastern Ladakh for the last six weeks, and the tension escalated manifold after 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a violent clash in Galwan valley on June 15. Following the Galwan vally clashes, the Army has sent thousands of additional troops to forward locations along the Line of Actual Control in various sectors including in Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim.

The IAF has also moved a sizeable number of its frontline Sukhoi 30 MKI, Jaguar, Mirage 2000 aircraft and Apache attack helicopters to several key air bases including Leh and Srinagar following the clashes.

The situation in eastern Ladakh deteriorated after around 250 Chinese and Indian soldiers were engaged in a violent face-off on May 5 and 6. The incident in Pangong Tso was followed by a similar incident in north Sikkim on May 9.

Prior to the clashes, both sides had been asserting that pending the final resolution of the boundary issue, it was necessary to maintain peace and tranquillity in the border areas.

Courtesy – HindustanTimes

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US To Move Troops To Asia Face Dragon Threat https://theeasternlink.com/us-to-move-troops-to-asia-face-dragon-threat/ https://theeasternlink.com/us-to-move-troops-to-asia-face-dragon-threat/#respond Fri, 26 Jun 2020 05:18:05 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5309

Shonali Khandelwal & S.Govindan, Delhi  US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has said the Chinese threat to India and Southeast Asia explains why USA is reducing its troops in Europe and re-deploying them to ‘other places’  ( read Asia). Pompeo made the remarks in response to a question at the Brussels Forum that he addressed […]

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Shonali Khandelwal & S.Govindan, Delhi 

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has said the Chinese threat to India and Southeast Asia explains why USA is reducing its troops in Europe and re-deploying them to ‘other places’  ( read Asia).

Pompeo made the remarks in response to a question at the Brussels Forum that he addressed virtually.

When asked why the US had reduced the number of troops in Germany, Pompeo said that if US troops were no longer there, it was because they were being moved to other places.

He said the actions of the ruling Chinese Communist Party meant there were “threats to India, threats to Vietnam, threats to Malaysia, Indonesia and the South China Sea challenge.”

“We are going to make sure the US military is postured appropriately to meet the challenges,” he said.

This Pompeo statement comes amid speculations that the US Air Force may deploy up to ten heavy bomber and fighterssquadrons in Indian bases under the LEMOA agreement may be deployed in Indian bases , more if China and India failed to resolve the border issue and a 1962 type border war became a possibility .

This , some say, was aimed as much at deterring China from escalating as to beef up India’s depleted combat fighter fleet. 

Last week Pompeo criticised the Chinese Army for “escalating” the border tension with India and militarising the strategic South China Sea. He also described the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC) as a “rogue actor.”

In a scathing attack on the Chinese government, Pompeo said that the Communist Party of China wants to undo all the progress the free world has made through institutions like the NATO and adopt a new set of rules and norms that accommodate Beijing.

“The PLA (People’s Liberation Army) has escalated border tensions with India, the world’s most populous democracy. It’s militarising the South China Sea and illegally claiming more territory there, threatening vital sea lanes,” Pompeo said, a day after he expressed deep condolences to India on the death of 20 soldiers in violent clashes with the PLA troops at the Galwan Valley in Ladakh on June 15.

Earlier this month, Pompeo has that China’s actions, be it on the India border, or in Hong Kong or in the South China Sea, have been part of the behaviour of the ruling Communist Party in Beijing in the recent past.

China has been fast expanding military and economic influence in the Indo-Pacific region, triggering concern in various countries of the region and beyond.

China is engaged in hotly contested territorial disputes in both the South China Sea and the East China Sea. Beijing has built up and militarised many of the islands and reefs it controls in the region. Both areas are stated to be rich in minerals, oil and other natural resources and are vital to global trade. US president President Donald Trump had last week announced that the United States would be cutting down on its troop strength in Germany, and deploying them elsewhere.

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China To Meet India ‘Half-Way’ To Ease Ladakh Tensions https://theeasternlink.com/china-to-meet-india-half-way-to-ease-ladakh-tensions/ https://theeasternlink.com/china-to-meet-india-half-way-to-ease-ladakh-tensions/#comments Fri, 26 Jun 2020 04:30:00 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5313

Reaching out to New Delhi amid rising tensions in Ladakh, China has said it was ready to work with India to deal with the stand-off. Beijing asked India to meet it halfway,  asserting that “suspicion and friction” was a wrong path that goes against the fundamental aspirations of the people of the two countries. In […]

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Reaching out to New Delhi amid rising tensions in Ladakh, China has said it was ready to work with India to deal with the stand-off. Beijing asked India to meet it halfway,  asserting that “suspicion and friction” was a wrong path that goes against the fundamental aspirations of the people of the two countries.

In an interview to PTI, Chinese Ambassador Sun Weidong said India and China are able to manage their differences, but put the onus on New Delhi to ease the tension, calling upon the latter to avoid actions that may “complicate” the situation.
“We hope the Indian side meets the Chinese side halfway, avoids taking actions that may complicate the border situation and takes concrete actions to maintain stability in the border areas,” Mr. Sun said. He added that at present, the overall situation in the China-India border areas is “stable and controllable.”
The Indian and Chinese armies are locked in a bitter standoff in multiple locations in eastern Ladakh for the last six weeks, and the tension escalated manifold after 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a violent clash in Galwan Valley on June 15.
The Chinese Ambassador said “mutual respect and support” is a sure way and meets the long-term interests of both countries, but asserted that the onus was not on China to ease tensions in the region.
Ladakh face-off | Industry flags delay in China imports
“China and India are both large developing countries and emerging economies with more than one billion people, and both have the historic mission of realising our own development and revitalisation,” he said.
“The onus is not on China. The Indian side crossed the LAC (Line of Actual Control) for provocation and attacked the Chinese border troops. The Indian forces seriously violated agreements on border issues between the two countries,” he said.
In the course of the interview, Mr. Sun repeated the Chinese government’s stand — which has been rejected by India — that Indian troops are responsible for the Galwan valley clashes., and indicated that the onus was on India to improve the situation in eastern Ladakh.
At a weekly media briefing, External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Anurag Srivastava held China directly responsible for the border standoff saying it has been has been amassing a large contingent of troops and armaments along the LAC since early May and conduct of the Chinese forces has been in complete disregard of all mutually agreed norms.
Mr. Srivastava also said the deployment of large body of troops and changes in behavior has also been aggravated by “unjustified and untenable claims” including over the Galwan Valley.
Emphasising that the path of “suspicion and friction” was wrong and goes against the fundamental aspiration of the two peoples, the Ambassador said, “China and India are willing and able to properly manage differences.”
Ladakh face-off | It’s wait and watch on disengagement as China continues build-up
In the last few weeks, both sides have held a series of diplomatic and military talks to cool down temperature even as Chinese military has increased its presence in all sensitive areas along the 3,500 km Line of Actual Control (LAC), the de-facto border.
Mr Sun said, under the guidance of the important consensus reached by the leaders of the two countries, “We are ready to work with the Indian side to properly deal with the current situation, jointly uphold peace and stability in the border areas, and ensure a sound and steady development of bilateral relations.”
In their informal summit in Chinese city of Wuhan in 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping underscored the importance of maintaining peace and tranquillity in all areas of the India-China border region in the interest of the development of bilateral relations.
The summit had taken place months after a 73-day military face-off between the two armies in Doklam that raised fears of a war between the two Asian giants. After the killing of 20 Indian soldiers in Galwan clashes, India called it “a premeditated and planned action by China” and sent a veiled warning to China saying “India wants peace but if provoked, India is capable of giving a befitting reply”.
Referring to talks between foreign ministers of the two countries on June 17, the envoy said both sides agreed to “fairly address” the serious situation caused by the Galwan conflict and vowed to jointly follow the consensus reached at the commander-level meeting on June 6 to ease the situation as soon as possible.

Mr. Sun said China would not like to see a similar situation like the Galwan clashes, but repeated Chinese foreign ministry’s allegations that India was responsible for it.
Ladakh face-off | Destroyed Chinese post back in Galwan Valley
The Ambassador said the two sides kept peace for decades in Galwan valley, but alleged that since the beginning of 2020, the Indian side has built facilities at or the crossing of the LAC in the Galwan valley, thereby “constantly changing the status quo of ground control.
On May 6, he claimed the Indian troops crossed the LAC in the Galwan Valley by night and trespassed into Chinese territory.
“They resorted to violent means to create a standoff between the two sides and built infrastructures in an attempt to maintain a permanent presence,” he alleged.
In his briefing, Srivastava said Indian troops have been patrolling the Galwan Valley for a long time and all infrastructure built by the Indian side has always been on its side of the LAC.
Mr. Sun said Chinese side lodged representations on multiple occasions to the Indian side through military and diplomatic channels following the incident and that India agreed to withdraw its personnel from the area.
The two sides held Lt General-level talks on June 6 during which they agreed on disengagement of troops from all the standoff areas.
Ladakh face-off | China demands India’s withdrawal from Galwan Valley
The Ambassador said the Indian side promised in the talks that they would not cross the estuary of the Galwan river to patrol and build facilities, adding the two sides agreed to build observation posts on either side of the Galwan river mouth.
“However, after the commander-level meeting, when the situation on the ground was already easing, the Indian border troops copped out on the consensus reached at the commander-level meeting, demanded that China dismantle its observation post,” he alleged.
India has been consistently maintaining that Galwan Valley clashes had taken place on the Indian side of the LAC.
The envoy also said actions taken by the Indian side are not in consonance with the spirit of several agreements signed by the two countries.

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Galwan Episode Revisited https://theeasternlink.com/galwan-episode-revisited/ https://theeasternlink.com/galwan-episode-revisited/#comments Thu, 25 Jun 2020 06:26:41 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5292

Galwan in Kashmiri dialects means “ Strong Man” or a PEHALWAN (Wrestler). The river emanates at AKSAI Chin and flows East to west for 80 KMs through gorges of high mountains upto 17000 feet. It joins Shyok River in the Shyok Valley . The Galwan River valley is named after Gulam Rasool Galwan  of Leh , […]

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Galwan in Kashmiri dialects means “ Strong Man” or a PEHALWAN (Wrestler). The river emanates at AKSAI Chin and flows East to west for 80 KMs through gorges of high mountains upto 17000 feet. It joins Shyok River in the Shyok Valley . 
The Galwan River valley is named after Gulam Rasool Galwan  of Leh , who, as a young boy, had accompanied British expeditions in Himalayas as a guide in the late 19 th Century. In one of the expeditions in 1899, led by Lt Col Charles Murray to Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan, party lost its way due to bad weather. It was young Gulam Rasool Galwan , who found the way through this river valley. Thus, the river was named Galwan after him. 
The Galwan River Valley was the flash point of 1962 war. In its 1959 claim line China had claimed the entire valley upto Shyok River confluence of Galwan River . The Valley became a flashpoint after China constructed a road between Xinjiang and Tibet, without India’s consent. The highway is now known as G219. After building the road, the Chinese lay a claim to the area, first in 1959. 

The valley was defended by  a company of Gorkha regiment of Indian Army in 1962 after China had constructed  G 219 through Aksai Chin. And then suddenly this Gorkha locality, was surrounded by PLA on 06 July 1962 . The brave Gorkha troops remained cut off for three months . On 04 October 1962 , a Company of 5 JAT was sent to reinforce Gorkha Company by Indian Army . PLA fired on this company and killed 36 men of the JAT company . This was the start point of 1962 war . 
Ever since 1962 , the Galwan valley has been under occupation of China . Protective Patrol – 14 is the only point in the mouth of Galwan valley that India controls.,it is on the LAC. The significance of this PP-14 is that it screens Chinese peep into Shyok River confluence with Galwan River . India has recently built a bridge over this confluence . Besides , a Link Road to PP-14 is being constructed from this bridge on the DSDBO Road, which is probably the bone of contention., See the Satellite images below. 
It must be noted that LAC/ border with China is not marked. Galwan valley had been on the Eastern side of LAC , which is under Chinese control. And this has been the case for last 58 years . Galwan valley was lost during the Prime Ministership of Pundit Jawahar Lal Nehru . And it has been status quo since then .
Therefore, if Prime Minister Narender Modi says that China has not entered our side of LAC , he is right.  Those who make noise that he has surrendered to China, have no idea of history and also the ground situation. Most of them forget what Nehru had said of Aksai Chin . To remind these forgetful minds , it is reiterated that he had surrendered it by saying : NOT A BLADE OF  GROWS  THERE. As of dste India has not surrendered its claim either on Aksai Chin or Galwan valley  . It has only said the obvious reality that LAC since 1962 is well under Indian Control. And it includes PP-14. 
Anyway , let me reiterate the significance of Galwan valley . As I have brought out earlier that India had constructed a road to DBO from Shyok and Darbuk. It is 255 KMs long  and it has strategic importance of logistics support and also switching of forces to DBO . The point of issue is not this but the Link Road being built to PP-14. This is giving headache to China . Chinese think that India could launch an offensive towards Aksai Chin using Galwan Valley. PP-14 obstructs their direct view. Even China has built a road from Aksai Chin to this valley . Unconfirmed reports say China was building a dam over this River to flood the area in times of crisis . 
The present crisis of 15 June 2020 was due to Chinese attempt to come upto PP-14. In fact they had created a tented camp below it around 10-12 June 2020. This camp was forcibly removed by India on 12/13 June 2020. Probably , Some fatalities were suffered by PLA in this action.. This perhaps had enraged the Chinese and again by 14 June 2020, they set up a fresh tented camp in 14 June 2020. This was detected by India on 15 June 2020 and it led to a deadly scuffle . 
Tell tale marks of the true incident have now begun to appear in many accounts and they have opened up a Pandora’s box of many a lies . One has to just join the dots to visualise a true picture . 
At the risk of repetition, it is a known fact that the bone of contention in the Galwan River valley and not the Darbuk – Shuyok – Dolat Beg OLDI ( DSDBO) Road and a bridge over the River Shyok and River Galwan confluence. To be frank,.it was the 12 14 KMs link from this Bridge to Protective Patrol Point 14 ( PP 14) . This point is at the LAC and under Indian Control since 1962. And like 1962 , it might become the flash point of another war , if China does not desist from its aggression. Perhaps , it does not realise that millions of cubic Acre feet of water had flown through Galwan River over the last 58 years. The year 2020 is not the year 1962.,
The significance of this Link Road is that it is a pincer aimed at the Galwan valley which could further be linked to a Chinese Road going to China’s Western Highway ( G219) passing through Aksai Chin . More important tactical advantage of PP 14 is that it screens Chinese overview of Shyok river and DSDBO Road . This was thecadvantage China wanted to deny to India.  See the satellite image below . From the left edge of the bridge see a black streak of road going North . This is the link to PP 14. China had pitched a tented camp just few hundreds meters from PP 14. 
On 06 June 2020 , an agreement was reached between the Chinese and Indian commanders (Major  General Liyu Lin Commander af South Xinjiang Theatre of China and Lt Gen Harinder Singh of 14 Corps of India) to appropriately withdraw from present locations. India was to fall back 1.5 KM Westward and China by 2.5 KMs Eastward. The disengagement was to be completed by 15 June 2020. 
 Indian troops before pulling out wanted to ensure that Chinese too had pulled out . Information available from various accounts suggests that a patrol of 10 men under a Major from 4 Mahar / 16 Bihar was sent to ascertain  this fact. They found the tent and burnt it . As they were returning they were surrounded and captured because Chinese were fully armed. 
As soon as CO 16 Bihar , Col Santosh Babu learnt this , he rushed to the spot with 30 men to negotiate this. It is learnt that Chinese were on a higher ground and Indian patrol party was slowly climbing . We must know that at 15000 feet and so , the foot movement is very sluggish and slow . One can not rush and climb. One loses breath.,Also the track was so narrow that one could only move in a single file —- one man behind the other . This is why the road to PP-14,was constructed .,News is that job has been done . 
As the Col Santosh ‘s party was some 60-100 meters from Chinese tent , they shouted at him to come alone if he wanted to negotiate about the patrol. . Col Santosh agreed and moved up with 2 Men . It may be noted that CO and his two men were unarmed, as is the norm in all such flag meetings . After reaching they had heated exchange for 4-5 minutes but Chinese gave in and agreed to withdraw.  As soon as CO and his men turned , Chinese attacked him with nailed Clubs and all three fell badly wounded. 
Seeing this rest of the CO party radioed it to the base and charged towards the Chinese . A hand to hand fight began. Indians had bayonets charged to rifles as an answer to Chinese nailed Clubs and Iron rods. It may be noted that Indians are well trained in Close combat and bayonet fighting . 
In the meanwhile, Chinese reinforcements of 400 men joined but so did 200 men from 16 Bihar and adjoining units. Thus it became a joint operation of mixed troops also from Arty , Mahar and Punjab Regiments . Accounts now filtering out is that 16 Bihar men and other Indian troops had gone berserk . The Ghatak platoons (Commandos) of other battalions had joined in. Chinese were running halter smelter. The troops were 16 Bihar  , 3 Punjab , 4 Mahar , 3 Med Regt and 181 Field Regt . It was a joint operation . 
A Deccan Chronicle report of June 19, 2020 gives out a survivor participant’s account to say that minimum of 18 PLA soldiers necks were snapped —— they could be seen with their necks dangling from their bodies . 
Another report from a JCO, as an eye witness of Arty, who came with the mortal remains of another Arty JCO to Patiala, corroborates the ferocity of all men charging the Chinese. . He gave  the story of 16 Bihar men going berserk and blasting the life  out of PLA soldiers . In this melee Chinese Buldozer caused a land slide and with it many PLA Soldiers went hundreds of feet into the icy Cold  River Galwan and probably died. 
On talking to OC Rear of 16 Bihar , it turned out that LT COL  Maninder nagpal (2ic) ,Capt  Ajun deshpande (3yrs), Capt Manangma   (2yrs) of 16 Bihar were the most daring and they ferociously led their troops to avenge the death of their CO . Another soldier of Arty regiment , Sepoy Surinder Singh is stated to have killed 10 PLA Soldiers with his sword. He is a Amritdhari Sikh. He too got wounded in the head and is convalescing in Leh Hospital . 
Though India declared 20 dead including Col Santosh Babu,  but China too, suffered heavy casualties. China did not give out the number of casualties . Global Times claimed that it did not give out number of casualties because it did not want confrontational sentiments to escalate . This is a typical lie of a Communist regime . 
Some Indian estimates put the Chinese casualties at 43. This they estimate from the helicopter trips coming to collect the casualties , which India allowed . But American report from intercepts suggests that there were 35 dead , possibly a few officers including Cols and Majors. This does not include the soldiers who went down in the river when land slide took place . Therefore some estimates say that China suffered between 128 to 150 casualties . 
What about the Indian patrol of one officer and 10 men which was taken Prisoners by China on 15 June . A hush hush report in some papers like The Guardian and The Dawn of Pakistan suggested that they were released on 18 June 2020 in exchange of Chinese soldiers held by India . But it was unduly denied both by Indian Army and Chinese Foreign Ministry . 
However there is an interesting twist in the tail. It is that on the said night , a patrol from 3 Medium Regiment of Indian Army, had captured a Chinese Colonel and few men who were running away from the scene of action where 16 Buhar soldiers had gone aggressive . The release of 10 men of Indian patrol is a give and take of this Chinese Col and his men. Chinese definitely learnt a lesson so as not to mess with Indian soldiers. 
Finally , a word about three treaties India had signed with China on Border Management in 1993, 1996 and 2013 which prohibits the use of fire arms on the border. This is a joke . There are more casualties due to physical fights with swords , nailed bats and iron rods which both sides carry . India should free its soldiers of such restrictions . 
Indians happily stay alive ; some do their business , some sit  in the Parliament and assemblies , most  Chit chat peacefully on social media platforms but some do verbal aerobatics with their lungs in TV rooms . All this is possible because the soldiers play with their lives on the borders . Galwan River episode must shake their conscience . It is sacrifice of the soldiers which make the NETAS & COMMENTATORS safe . A grateful nation must honour the Galwan Heroes of Night 15/16 June. Their raw courage displayed against a wellPrepared enemy must rule the nations soul !i

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