India china – The Eastern Link https://theeasternlink.com Connecting Regions of Asia. Fri, 14 Aug 2020 15:02:48 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://theeasternlink.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/cropped-external-link-symbol-32x32.png India china – The Eastern Link https://theeasternlink.com 32 32 India-China Border Talks Again https://theeasternlink.com/india-china-border-talks-again/ https://theeasternlink.com/india-china-border-talks-again/#respond Fri, 14 Aug 2020 12:57:30 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=6485

New Delhi:  Talks between senior army commanders of India and China were underway on Saturday to take forward the disengagement process along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) at a number of friction points including in Daulat Beg Oldi and Depsang in eastern Ladakh, people familiar with the developments said. The Major General-level talks are […]

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New Delhi:  Talks between senior army commanders of India and China were underway on Saturday to take forward the disengagement process along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) at a number of friction points including in Daulat Beg Oldi and Depsang in eastern Ladakh, people familiar with the developments said.

The Major General-level talks are being held at a border personnel meeting point in Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO) area on the Chinese side of the LAC, they said.

The meeting comes a week after the two armies held the fifth round of Corps commander-level (Lt Gen) discussions in an effort to expedite the disengagement process.

At the military talks, the Indian side has been insisting on complete disengagement of Chinese troops at the earliest and immediate restoration of status quo ante in all areas of eastern Ladakh prior to May 5 when the standoff began following a clash between the two armies in Pangong Tso.

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has pulled back from Galwan Valley and certain other friction points but the withdrawal of its troops has not moved forward from the Finger areas in Pangong Tso, Gogra and Depsang as demanded by India, according to sources.

India has been insisting that China must withdraw its forces from areas between Finger Four and Eight. The mountain spurs in the area are referred to as Fingers.

The formal process of disengagement of troops began on July 6, a day after a nearly two-hour telephonic conversation between National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi on ways to bring down tensions in the area.

Both sides held several rounds of Major General-level talks in May and June before the level of negotiations was upgraded to the level of Corps commanders.

The people familiar with the developments said Saturday’s talks will primarily focus on the disengagement process in Daulat Beg Oldi and Depsang areas.

Considering the situation on the ground, the Indian Army and the IAF have decided to maintain a very high-level of operational readiness in all areas along the LAC in Ladakh, North Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh till a “satisfactory” resolution to the border row with China is arrived at, sources said.

Chief of Army Staff Gen MM Naravane has already conveyed to all the senior commanders of the Army, overseeing operation of the frontline formations along the LAC, to keep up a significantly high state of alertness and maintain the aggressive posturing to deal with any Chinese “misadventure”, they said.

The fresh directive to maintain a very high-level of alertness came in the wake of lack of forward movement in implementation of the disengagement process by Chinese military in friction points like Pangong Tso, Depsang and Gogra.

The Indian army has already made elaborate plans to maintain current strength of troops and weapons along the LAC during the harsh winter months in eastern Ladakh and all other sensitive areas along the LAC.

It is also in the process of procuring a number of weapons, ammunition and winter gears for the frontline troops

The temperature in some of the high-altitude areas along the LAC drops to minus 25 degree celsius in the winter months.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

Courtesy – https://www.ndtv.com/

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China’s Tibet Dams May Impede India’s Water Supply https://theeasternlink.com/chinas-tibet-dams-may-impede-indias-water-supply/ https://theeasternlink.com/chinas-tibet-dams-may-impede-indias-water-supply/#comments Mon, 10 Aug 2020 06:08:35 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=6403

China’s rapid pace of dam constructions that includes at least eight new ones on the Brahmaputra River in Tibet has sparked concerns about the Chinese attempting to tame India’s water supply. The proposed dams on the Yarlung Tsangpo river in Tibet are close to the Indian border in Arunachal Pradesh. In this region, the Chinese […]

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China’s rapid pace of dam constructions that includes at least eight new ones on the Brahmaputra River in Tibet has sparked concerns about the Chinese attempting to tame India’s water supply. The proposed dams on the Yarlung Tsangpo river in Tibet are close to the Indian border in Arunachal Pradesh.

In this region, the Chinese have managed to construct three dams within a distance of 24 km on the Brahmaputra River over a period of 10 years. This construction of dams at an unprecedented pace and scale has taken place in Tibet’s Sangri Lokha. Construction of a similar ‘triplet dam’ has been observed on the Nyang river near the town of Nyingchi in Tibet’s Nyingchi county.

Lokha, also known as Shanan lies in the northeast of Bhutan and south of Lhasa while Nyingchi is further east, both bordering Arunachal Pradesh.

In order to find out the aim of these massive construction projects, India Today OSINT team investigated them using Google Earth images.

The ability to control India’s water supply in the hands of the Chinese has always been a legitimate concern. China can use this to cause flash flooding or to divert water that could dry up rivers across India.

Zangmo Dam

A comparative analysis of satellite images of the Zangmo dam shows how its width has increased fourfold from 100 m in 2012 when the construction began to 400 m as seen on August 4, 2020, while the water levels have risen almost 150 m.

Thus, the reservoir which spans across almost 10 km can hold more than 600 mn cubic metres of water, an indication that a massive amount of water is under Chinese control in Tibet.

However, government sources say these dam constructions are being monitored closely. “It is something that has always been discussed between the two governments closely,” a government official tracking developments in this regard asserted. While claiming that the threat of China using these dams to cause flash flooding or block water to Indian territory is not visible, sources said, “For flash flooding, water has to be accumulated but there has not been anything abnormal that has been noticed.”

Amid the India-China military standoff in eastern Ladakh, Chinese activities including dam constructions along the Indian border are under the scanner once again.

New dams proposed on Brahmaputra

China has proposed to build at least eight more dams on the Brahmaputra River in Tibet. These dams are to be built within the next 10 years at Bayu, Jiexi, Langta, Dakpa, Nang, Demo, Namcha and Metok towns that do not have more than a hundred households each. This has sparked speculation that the aim of these dams is only to build reservoirs and export electric energy from Tibet to mainland China.

Need for shared data on dam construction, water flow

Satellite images very clearly indicate that China is not building a large number of dams on the Brahmaputra River for the benefit of the people of Tibet. The area is scantly populated and electricity demands in the region could be met with a single hydroelectricity project like the Zangmo dam.

The Chinese could also aim to use these dam reservoirs such as the Dagu dam to divert Brahmaputra’s water to dry areas in Xinjiang or Central China. Evidence for such diversions is yet to come to light. However, reports have cited locals talking about it in recent years.

The third and perhaps the most worrying explanation for China storing water at eleven dams on the Brahmaputra River could be to control the water flowing into India.

Experts feel China’s dam construction is a key concern and the Chinese dispensation must be more transparent over the issue. Director of the Kubernein Initiative, Ambika Vishwanath tracks water diplomacy and security across the globe. She feels it is not just the quantity but also the quality of water that should be a matter of concern in the long run.

“There needs to be a closer study on not just the quantity of water flow but also the quality which can be extremely detrimental in the long run. It can have an impact on people’s lives in downstream regions. There is very little information and understanding of the region. The entire Himalayas is a black hole of data,” Ambika says. She further added, “Scientists, researchers need more access to the areas and require more data to understand short and long term impact to aid in better policymaking.”

Ambika also says that one way of ensuring more transparency is joint initiatives, such as data sharing or construction of dams within joint management of river basins, but that does not seem likely anytime soon. “If there are joint constructions, responsibilities are also shared to safeguard installations on either side,” she points out.

Use of water supply as a weapon against India?

Blocking India’s water supply even for a few days can lead to rivers drying up across the country.

On the other hand, many feel low lying areas in India will be completely inundated if China suddenly releases all this stored up water, as seen in the case of Three Gorges dam in Hubei province. A purposeful release of water from all the dams on the Brahmaputra can wreak havoc in India, many feel.

As per Indo-Sino bilateral agreements, China is expected to share data with India during the monsoon in order for the latter to keep track of water levels and prepare for floods.

After Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh, the Brahmaputra River expands to almost 10 km in width. Its width varies from 8 to 10 km in Assam. Bridges in these states are surprisingly smaller than the width of the river. During monsoon every year, the bridges get flooded with their abutments almost always underwater.

Careful monitoring of these dams will provide a 15-day early warning since this is the time it takes for river water to travel from Tibet’s Lokha county to Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh.

Zangmo, Gyatsa, and Dagu

There are three dams on the main Brahmaputra River built in unusually close proximity to each other. These dams are located within a very short distance of 24 km. With only the single village of Gyatsa and its population of barely 150 households, having three dams is unprecedented.

While the Zangmo dam has been commissioned, the Gyatsa dam is complete and awaiting commissioning. The third and largest of the trio, the Dagu dam has been under construction since 2017.

Dagu surprisingly has two inlets and two outlets for water to pass through the mountain despite it being a run of the river hydroelectricity dam. Such dams have electricity generators underground, in an area below the dam and do not require additional tunnels for water flow.

This has led to doubts supported by rumours that Brahmaputra’s water may be diverted to the dry Xinjiang deserts through underground tunnels using Dagu dam. Once all three are complete, the triplet dams will be able to collect almost a billion cubic meters of water in their reservoirs.

Pagsum, Langsai and Nyang

The three dams in Nyingchi county are being constructed on a tributary called Nyang that feeds Brahmaputra River. The dams at Pagsum, Langsai and Nyang are much smaller in size but hold enough water to add to the Brahmaputra River flow.

Land barrier dam

Around October and November of 2018, rumour had it that China had clamped down on the Brahmaputra river and water flow had almost come to a halt. Reports of water being unusually muddy at the time had also come to light. Satellite images revealed much later that a large landslide from the southeastern face of Sodong Ri Mountain had blocked the Brahmaputra almost completely.

International obligations dictate that China must seek permission from downstream countries before constructing any dam upstream on the Brahmaputra river. Despite its bilateral agreements with India, China still does not share any data in this regard.

Although New Delhi is paying a hefty sum of Rs 80 lakhs to Beijing for this data each year, the response India gets from the Chinese every time is the same- water in the Brahmaputra river washed the measuring instruments away.

Courtesy – indiatoday

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Top Indian Diplomat Next Taiwan Envoy, Message To China https://theeasternlink.com/top-indian-diplomat-next-taiwan-envoy-message-to-china/ https://theeasternlink.com/top-indian-diplomat-next-taiwan-envoy-message-to-china/#comments Sun, 12 Jul 2020 06:20:21 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5784

In a move aimed at imposing cost on China for its Ladakh hostilities, India has drcided to appoint Gourangalal Das, currently Joint Secretary (Americas) in the Ministry of External Affairs, as the next envoy to Taiwan. A formal announcement on the appointment is expected soon. This comes at a time when the Indian strategic community is pitching […]

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In a move aimed at imposing cost on China for its Ladakh hostilities, India has drcided to appoint Gourangalal Das, currently Joint Secretary (Americas) in the Ministry of External Affairs, as the next envoy to Taiwan.

A formal announcement on the appointment is expected soon.
 This comes at a time when the Indian strategic community is pitching for upgradation of New Delhi-Taipei ties and the Modi government is working on a calibrated tough response that lead to activating the T2 pressure points– Taiwan and Tibet.q
China and the US have also been sparring over Taiwan and the South China Sea.
India does not have formal diplomatic ties with Taiwan because of its One-China policy. 
It has an office in Taipei to carry out diplomatic functions. It operates under the name of India-Taipei Association, and Das will be its new Director General.
 He will replace Sridharan Madhusudhanan, also a career diplomat.
Taiwan too has effected a change of guard. East Asian and Pacific Affairs Director-General Baushuan Ger has been named Taiwan’s representative to India, replacing Tien Chung-Kwang who was on the post for seven years at the Taipei Economic and Cultural Centre in India.
Incidentally, Sun Weidong, China’s ambassador to India, in a statement Friday, underlined: “We need to respect and accommodate mutual core interests and major concerns, adhere to the principle of non-interference in each other’s internal affairs.”
In Beijing’s book, any pro-active step by a foreign country with regard to Taiwan, Hong Kong, South China Sea, Tibet and Xinjiang are considered “sensitive” in nature.

India has so far adhered to the One China policy although in December 2010, during then Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao’s visit, it did not mention support for the policy in the joint communique.
And in 2014, when Narendra Modi became Prime Minister, he invited Chung-Kwang Tien, Taiwan’s representative to India, along with Lobsang Sangay, Sikyong (President) of the Central Tibetan Administration (the Tibetan government-in-exile) to his swearing-in ceremony.
In the MEA, a Joint Secretary who handles India’s ties with the US is considered a key official, together with those dealing with China and Pakistan.
The appointment of Das as envoy to Taiwan comes weeks after the BJP asked two of its MPs, Meenakshi Lekhi and Rahul Kaswan, to attend via virtual mode the swearing-in ceremony of Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen on May 20 – a fortnight after the start of the standoff with China on the Line of Actual Control.
From the 1999 batch of the Indian Foreign Service, Das, who is fluent in Mandarin, was in Beijing between 2001 and 2004. He returned as First Secretary (Political) in 2006 and remained there until 2009.
He had also served as a Deputy Secretary handling External Affairs in the Prime Minister’s Office during the tenure of Manmohan Singh. He was retained for the transition in 2014.
As Counsellor (Political) at the Indian embassy in Washington DC, he played a key role during the Prime Minister’s visit in June 2017 when he met US President Donald Trump.
Das returned to New Delhi and was tasked by then Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar to set up the Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, the in-house think tank to study China post-Doklam.
During his stint as Joint Secretary (Americas), Indo-US ties grew, including the revival of the Quadrilateral mechanism (between India, US, Japan and Australia.

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Chinese PLA Ups Tibetan Recruitment https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-pla-ups-tibetan-recruitment/ https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-pla-ups-tibetan-recruitment/#respond Wed, 08 Jul 2020 06:08:14 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5663

The Chinese PLA , involved in bloody border brawls with the Indian Army, has substantially increased of ethnic Tibetans in its force.A confidential report on such recruitments prepared by an Indian agency monitoring China and now available with Easternlink says five new military units totally staffed by Tibetan soldiers (mostly cross Han-Tibetans born of Chinese […]

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The Chinese PLA , involved in bloody border brawls with the Indian Army, has substantially increased of ethnic Tibetans in its force.
A confidential report on such recruitments prepared by an Indian agency monitoring China and now available with Easternlink says five new military units totally staffed by Tibetan soldiers (mostly cross Han-Tibetans born of Chinese fathers-Tibetan mothers or Tibetan fathers-Chinese mothers) have been launched on 15 June this year.
That was the day after President Xi Jinping’s 67th birthday and also the day when the PLA unleashed treacherous attacks on Indian army at Galwan Valley in Ladakh .  23 Indian soldiers and 11 are still missing , 110 injured of which 24 were hospitalised. The Chinese lost 18/20 in the evening brawl, 29 in fierce counter-action by the ‘Ghataks’ of 3rd Punjab  and 20-25 in the huge landslide which the Chinese allege was triggered by Indians exploding dynamites but the Indians dismiss just as ‘Hand of God’. 
A Chinese dissident PLA officer Jiangli is said to claimed more than 100 deaths but Boom says tweets attirbuted to his claim were fake .
On 15 June,  Tibet Military District Commissar Lt Gen Zhang Xuejie launched five special Tibetan military units , three of which bore names like  ‘Air Patrol Teams’, ‘Polar Communication Teams’ and ‘Extreme Climbing Teams’.Two of the five units had not yet been named — or their names have been missed out by the Indian intelligence radar.  

It was not clear what specific roles these teams have been trained for, but military intelligence analysts suggest it was certain that the Tibetans, hardy high mountain fighters as they naturally are, would be inducted for special roles in the Himalayan conflict zones. If China has ambitions to have a presence in the Poles, they might be useful , as the name of one of the units suggests.
India has several units of Tibetans like the Special Frontier Force and the highly secretive, heli-ski specialist  ‘Vishal Force’ who have played a big role in Indian army’s capture and control of strategic heights like Siachen.  
The Chinese worry about these Tibetan units and other para-trained special forces retained by the US which trained the best fighters of the Tibetan ‘Tengsun Mangla Magar’ or National Volunteer Defense Army in the 1950-60s who were para-dropped in Tibet from bases in East Pakistan . John Prados’ “President’s Secret Army’ and a host of other books including my “Insurgent Crossfire” provides details of the joint India-US backed Tibetan guerrilla warfare before the 1962 war . 
With a bill placed in US Congress for recognising Tibet’s independence and loud noises in India suggesting Delhi should play the ‘Tibetan card’ ,  Beijing’s worst nightmares are no longer Humphrey Hawksley fiction .
So while only one Uighur has made it to the PLA’s top leadership so far, many Tibetans seems to have made it to very top. Uighur origin Saimath Muhhamat is a major general in the PLA and now deputy commandant of the Lanzhou Military Region.
Below is the list of senior Tibetan figures in the PLA . 
Tian Bao (Sangey Yeshi) : His Tibetan name is Senge Yeshi and is one of the few Tibetans who joined Mao’s Red Army during its Long March in 1935. He was the political Commissar of the PLA in Tibet and perhaps most powerful Tibetan in both Army and the Administration in the region and probably the whole of China. He was the Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee established in late 1968 and was elected a full member of the CCP Central Committee at the 10th Congress8 . 
Maj Gen Thubten Thinley. He is a 56 year-old Tibetan, born in December, 1961 in Lhasa. He is one of the senior most serving Tibetan officer9 . (i) Thubten Thinley was admitted to the Communist Party in July 1987 after spending three years in the lower ranks of the PLA. Prior to joining the military, he completed a four year university course and then did a couple of mid-career stints at the Central Party School in Beijing. (ii) The selection of General Thubten Thinley is nonetheless a clear indication of the importance attached by Beijing to the ‘poverty alleviation’ program, via ‘local’ Army enrolment. Possibly his main job is probably the recruitment of Tibetans in the PLA. 

Maj Gen Ngawang Sonam : He is a Tibetan General who is presently deputy commander of TMD. Ngawang Sonam was born in Yushu, (Jyekundo in today’s Qinghai province) in October 1962. He became a member of the Communist Party of China early in his life and graduated in Political Work from the PLA’s Xuanhua Artillery Command Academy. He was a PLA delegate to the 12th National Peoples’ Party (NPC). He was then serving as deputy commander of the Qinghai Military Region.

Guowa Jiamaoji :  The 54 year old was born in a Tibetan area of northwest China’s Qinghai province and has been serving in the PLA’s Political Work Department Song and Dance Troupe as folk singer for over 20 years. In March 2018, while speaking during a panel session at the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), Guowa mentioned of prejudice against Tibetan cadres, especially in Han-dominated areas . 
 Maj Bai Ma Luo Bu : This officer has been seen on numerous occasions during the BPMs held at Bumla. Aged around 35-38 years, he has 12-14 years of service. It is however uncertain whether he belongs to the BD or regular force. The CCP has had representation from the Tibetans as well. China has ensured that the Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region People’s Government, since 1979 is invariably a Tibetan with strong communist ideology. 

Important Tibetans as members of the CCP in the province include:- (a) Che Dalha : Che Dalha, aged 59, is an ethnic Tibetan who hails from Shangri-La (formerly known as Zhongdian County) in Yunnan province. He is Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) since January 2017. Che is the senior-most Tibetan official in the TAR and a member of the Communist Party of CCP’s Central Committee12 . (b) Losang Jamcan : He is an ethnic Tibetan politician in the PRC. He is the President of TAR People’s Congress Standing Committee, 
The Chinese military intelligence and the MSS recruits large number of Tibetans who are sent to penetrate the Dalai Lama/ Central Tibetan Authority networks in India and other Tibetan groups elsewhere in the world.
Their families received goodies if they succeed , but face trouble if they don’t deliver. 
11 Tibetan-origin Chinese passport holders have been recently arrested in the North Bengal region for trying to melt into the Indian milieu on expiry of their visas. 
In decades gone by, such Chinese-trained Tibetans would feign escape from their homeland fo join the CTA or Tibetan Youth Congress as embedded spies , but this writer knows of at least one case where a smart Indian Counter-Intelligence spotted three of them in fine physical condition impossible for someone exposed to frostbite and other vagaries of nature in a tough escape .
 These three were trailed discreetly until they have penetrated the CTA and Dalai Lama set-up and started radioing inputs back to their handlers. They were arrested and punished in secret.

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Huge Indian Army Deployment In Ladakh Amid Pullback https://theeasternlink.com/huge-indian-army-deployment-in-ladakh-amid-pullback/ https://theeasternlink.com/huge-indian-army-deployment-in-ladakh-amid-pullback/#respond Tue, 07 Jul 2020 17:30:24 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5626

S.Govindan & Gyamtsho Topden, Leh  The Indian Army is taking no chances in Ladakh as it goes ahead with one of its largest ever  deployment amidst the stand off with China. This is in response to the huge build up by the Chinese along the Line of Actual Control.Both armies have started pulling back from eyeball-to-eyeball […]

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S.Govindan & Gyamtsho Topden, Leh 

The Indian Army is taking no chances in Ladakh as it goes ahead with one of its largest ever  deployment amidst the stand off with China.
 This is in response to the huge build up by the Chinese along the Line of Actual Control.
Both armies have started pulling back from eyeball-to-eyeball situations to defuse tensions after a 2 hour phonecall between Indian NSA Ajit Doval and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, both Special Representatives for Border Negotiations.
“But the Indian army will not take chances and stay prepared to meet any challenge,” said a formation commander.
Earlier, Ladakh had only one division. However, now there are four divisions. Each division comprises around 20,000 troops. 
Recently, the new division from Uttar Pradesh was moved to eastern Ladakh and it would remained stationed over there.
On Friday, Prime Minister, Narendra Modi paid a surprise visit to Nimu in Ladakh. This was aimed at both boosting the morale of the forces as well as send a strong message to China.

The huge build up comes in the backdrop of inputs that the Chinese may attempt an incursion. The Indian Army is taking no chance and is keeping a close guard along the Line of Actual Control.
On the other hand, the Indian Air Force’s capability has been ramped up immensely, with the induction of the C-17 Globemaster Super Hercules and the CH-47 Chinook. The Indian Army’s strike formations are now spearheaded by the T-90 tanks.
Airlifting the T-90s was an important aspect for the IAF. The 46 tonne tanks is very crucial to the Indian Army as it faces the Chinese deployments, which also include a mix of both heavy and light tanks.

Airlifting the T-90 tank was possible only due to C-17, which has a payload capacity of 77 tonnes. The C-17 have come in handy because the Il-76 could airlift only 45 tonnes, while the weight of the T-90 is 46 tonnes. The C-17s have been in service since 2013 and there are 11 of them.
The Indian Army had three regiments of the older T-72 tanks, which weigh around 40 tonnes. Earlier, the IL-76 would airlift the T-72s and this is an exercise that has been going on since the 1990s.
The deployment comes when India and China have started showing first signs of disengagement at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh where the situation has been volatile for over two months.
The removal of Chinese tents in Galwan Valley followed a two-hour telephonic conversation on Sunday between the Special Representatives of India and China on the Boundary Question.
India’s National Security Advisor (NSA), Ajit Doval, and China’s State Councillor and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Wang Yi, spoke to each other, two days after Prime Minster Narendra Modi’s visit to operational areas in Ladakh.

Officials observing the situation on the ground call it a “piecemeal de-escalation” and a first step taken to defuse the situation.
The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has removed tents and structures at Patrol Point 14 in Galwan Valley of Eastern Ladakh where the bloody clash took place on June 15 but the retreat has to be verified on the ground, government sources said.
“Removal of tents is visible but whether they have pulled back needs to be verified on ground,” said an official. The talks at the NSA’s have had a big impact on the two armies. After three rounds of top military commanders talks, a need was felt to escalate the dialogue to reach a consensus for a resolution, government sources said. 
In Galwan, 20 Indian soldiers, including a commanding officer, were killed in the ugly clashes. China has not revealed its casualties, though reports from the ground indicated they faced losses.
The disengagement has started as per terms agreed in the Corps Commanders meeting on June 30. “No specific distance of the pull back can be confirmed as it needs to be verified,” said another official.

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Chinese Backs Easternlink’s PLA Casualty Figure https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-backs-easternlinks-pla-casualty-figure/ https://theeasternlink.com/chinese-backs-easternlinks-pla-casualty-figure/#comments Mon, 06 Jul 2020 16:11:52 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5600

Subir Bhaumik / James Alavi , Washington  Easternlink is the only media outlet that has consistently claimed between 80 to 100 Chinese casualties in the June 15 Ladakh clashes .The Indian government and the military topbrass , in pursuit of a highly defensive 3D strategy – defuse, de-escalate, disengage- to scale down tensions, has not […]

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Subir Bhaumik / James Alavi , Washington 

Easternlink is the only media outlet that has consistently claimed between 80 to 100 Chinese casualties in the June 15 Ladakh clashes .
The Indian government and the military topbrass , in pursuit of a highly defensive 3D strategy – defuse, de-escalate, disengage- to scale down tensions, has not come clean on the issue, only admitting Indian losses.
Easternlink had put Indian losses at 23 killed and 11 missing , 110 injured of whom 24 were serious.
The absurd extent to which the Army has gone to ‘sanitize’ reporting, obviously on instructions from political masters communicated  through the one-point system, about the valor of its own soldiers , when some officers served a legal notice on The Quint for running a story on tge May5 clash , in which young Indian lieutenant is puported to have punched a Chinese Major. 

Now Easternlink’s casualty figures, secured from field formation sources , has berm vindicated by a top Chinese source.
Jianli Yang, a former Chinese military official and son of a leader in the Chinese communist party, has claimed in Washington that ‘more than 100 Chinese soldiers were killed’  in the 15th June clash .
Jianli has pulled up the Chinese government for  hiding this information from the Chinese people. 
“President Xi Jinping is worried that if the information regarding the soldiers, killed in the Galwan valley, is disclosed the serving, as well as the retired soldiers, can revolt. Not only this but even there can be a rebellion, even from within the communist party,” Jianli told mediapersons in a rare encounter.

He claimed he had this from ‘Chinese and not Ametican sources.’ 

Disgruntled retired and serving Chinese Army cadres, who are hurt by the treatment meted out by the government, can launch an “armed” anti-regime action against Xi Jinping’s government, he said.

In an opinion piece in The Washington Post, Jianli Yang, the founder and president of Citizen Power Initiatives for China, wrote that Beijing fears that the admitting that it had lost troops, that too more in number than its opponent, could lead to major domestic unrest that can even put the regime of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in trouble.

“The PLA has long been a key pillar of the CCP’s power. If the sentiments of the serving PLA cadres are hurt and they get together with the millions of disgruntled veterans (which may be facilitated by those within the PLA who are already unhappy with Xi — and there are thousands of them, such as those who were hurt by Xi’s move to separate PLA from commercial activities), they could form a formidable force capable of challenging Xi’s leadership,” he writes.

“Significantly, the CCP leadership cannot afford to undermine the veterans’ potential to launch a collective and armed anti-regime action. Hence, the continuing incidence of veterans’ protests, despite significant coercive pressure and bureaucratic measures, is a source of intense anxiety for Xi Jinping and the CCP leadership,” he adds.

While most Indian media, dependent on the ‘sanitised version’ of military PR system, focussed on the early evening clashes that led to 23 Indian deaths and 18/20 Chinese deaths ( after the Punjab, Mahars and Arty soldiers rushed to back the surprised 16th Bihar) , Easternlink reported massive retaliatory attacks 2 Chinese encampments by the ‘Ghataks’ that led to atleast 29 Chinese deaths. 

It also reported of a landslide, possibly caused by an explosion , that buried a Chinese camp, where Indian patrols had last sighted 25 PLA troops around 1730 hours on 15th June.

The Chinese claimed the Indians were responsible for the explosions, but Indians denied the charge and ascribed it to “Hand of God” because that night there was much lightning and thunder .

Some Chinese also fell off the cliff when chased by the fierce Sikhs of the 3rd Punjab ‘ Ghatak” or killer platoons.

Sepoys Gurtej Singh and ‘Amritdhari’ Surinder Singh killed 12 and 10 Chinese each, striking terror in the hearts of the Chinese who now avoid contact with the tall and burly Sikhs .

Having provoked the Chinese by ‘take back Aksai Chin’ remarks , the Modi government then chickened out after the intrusions and despite brave talk meant for public consumption pushed local commanders to pursue military diplomacy rather than aggressive area domination.

” This is ridiculous. You loose wars when your war aims are confused.i  hope Delhi does 3D at political and diplomatic levels and allow the army to do its job,” said Maj-Gen Gaganjit Singh, former Mountain Division commander and deputy chief of DIA.The killing of Col Babu changed the scene as revenge hungry Indian troops went on the rampage , somewhat haphazardly in the initial stages and then through concerted planning by 14Corps Commander Lt Gen Harinder Singh.

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Outgunned And Outnumbered, Indian Army Relies On Brave Hearts To Stop Chinese https://theeasternlink.com/outgunned-and-outnumbered-indian-army-relies-on-brave-hearts-to-stop-chinese/ https://theeasternlink.com/outgunned-and-outnumbered-indian-army-relies-on-brave-hearts-to-stop-chinese/#respond Fri, 03 Jul 2020 15:58:18 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5559

As the tensions between Chinese PLA troops and Indian Army soldiers mount in the Galwan Valley along the contentious India-China border, Beijing has deployed six times more troops on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) according to various Indian media outlets quoting their sources. Zee News in its reports claims that China has not only […]

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As the tensions between Chinese PLA troops and Indian Army soldiers mount in the Galwan Valley along the contentious India-China border, Beijing has deployed six times more troops on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) according to various Indian media outlets quoting their sources.

Zee News in its reports claims that China has not only rapidly increased the number of soldiers along the LAC but has also stationed ground-to-air HQ 16 and HQ 9 missiles at the contentious India-China border. The HQ 16 missile has a range of 40 km while HQ 9 can hit targets up to 200 km.

In its comprehensive prime time report, Zee news states that China has also stationed heavy artillery,  missiles and anti-aircraft guns in the Depsang area near the LAC not very far from picturesque Pangong Lake.

Earlier, as EurAsian Times reported, China deployed more than 20,000 troops along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh. The latest development even though India is closely watching the movements of 10,000-12,000 Chinese PLA soldiers deployed in Xinjiang with high mobility vehicles and weaponry with the capability to reach the contentious border faster than Indian counterparts.

Chinese soldiers have built scores of trenches, prefabricated huts, bunkers and fortifications after seizing the ‘Finger-4 to 8’ area on the north bank of Pangong Lake in an extensive build-up since early-May. They have also captured of the nearby heights and ridgeline to dominate the area, according to Times of India.

The Chinese PLA soldiers, which has also boosted its positions on the south bank of the lake, wants Indian troops to retreat to the Finger-2 area. Ever since the deadly India-China border, Chinese soldiers have effectively blocked all Indian patrols from the Finger-4 to 8 area.

“It clearly shows the Chinese PLA  troops have no intention of leaving the area any time soon. We, too, have counter-mobilised with additional Army and ITBP troops in the area since May for any eventuality. We want restoration of status quo ante, with the PLA pulling back to its original position,” TOI quoted an Indian official.

Meanwhile, there are reports of slight reduction of soldiers at the four friction zones on the LAC but there is no let-up in concentration and mobilisation of forces by India and China.

Courtesy – eurasiantimes

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Pak Troop Movement In Ladakh https://theeasternlink.com/pak-troop-movement-in-ladakh/ https://theeasternlink.com/pak-troop-movement-in-ladakh/#respond Wed, 01 Jul 2020 05:37:26 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5466

At a time when the Indian and Chinese militaries continue to engage in talks to defuse the tension in Ladakh region, sources say Pakistan has started moving troops along the Gilgit-Baltistan area and the Chinese army is holding talks with terror organisation Al Badr to incite violence in Jammu and Kashmir. According to sources, Pakistan […]

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At a time when the Indian and Chinese militaries continue to engage in talks to defuse the tension in Ladakh region, sources say Pakistan has started moving troops along the Gilgit-Baltistan area and the Chinese army is holding talks with terror organisation Al Badr to incite violence in Jammu and Kashmir.

According to sources, Pakistan has moved almost 20,000 additional troops in the northern Ladakh region to match Chinese deployments.

Sources have indicated that Pakistan is looking at an opportunity to open a two-front attack on India. Meanwhile, there were a series of meetings between the Indian Army and intelligence officials to discuss the looming threat.

Sources have said Pakistan’s ISI, egged on by the Chinese, has further increased the sending of battle-hardened terrorists or even planning BAT operations in India.

Sources have also said that the groups are also discussing “internal sabotage” with the nearly 100 Pakistani terrorists inside Kashmir.

While security forces have had recent successes in killing over 120 terrorists in Kashmir, most of them are locals with only a handful foreign terrorists.

Sources have also indicated that Pakistan may try to do internal sabotage in India by attacking the security forces in J&K.

Indian and Chinese militaries on Tuesday held an over 10-hour Corps Commander-level dialogue with a focus on finalising modalities for the disengagement of troops from various standoff points in eastern Ladakh, and explored ways to ease tension in the region.

The Indian delegation conveyed concerns over China’s “new claim lines” in the region and demanded restoration of status quo ante as well as immediate withdrawal of Chinese troops from Galwan Valley, Pangong Tso and a number of other areas.

Courtesy – IndiaToday

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Allies Pitch In For India https://theeasternlink.com/allies-pitch-in-for-india/ https://theeasternlink.com/allies-pitch-in-for-india/#respond Mon, 29 Jun 2020 08:02:20 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5413

The US may not be willing to ‘loan out ‘ fighter squadrons to India in the event of a possible war with China, but most allies have already come forward to help India militarily to face the Ladakh stand-off.They are delivering urgently needed weapons and ammunition for the Indian armed forces. France has promised to deliver […]

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The US may not be willing to ‘loan out ‘ fighter squadrons to India in the event of a possible war with China, but most allies have already come forward to help India militarily to face the Ladakh stand-off.
They are delivering urgently needed weapons and ammunition for the Indian armed forces. 
France has promised to deliver additional Rafale jets next month.
An in-service Israeli air defence system is expected soon, precision artillery rounds will be sent by the US, and Russia will make early deliveries of ammunition and weapons worth $1 billion.

The commitments have been made after top-level bilateral talks after a high level  meeting in Delhi , where emergency financial powers were cleared to help the armed forces to prepare for a prolonged standoff in eastern Ladakh.
The first set of cutting-edge Rafale fighter jets – equipped with perhaps the world’s best long-range air-to-air missiles – is expected to reach India by July 27. 
As per the initial plan, four fighters were to reach the home base at Ambala next month but sources said that France has now made a commitment to send additional Rafales in the first batch. 

A total of eight aircraft are nearing certification but it is unclear how many additional fighters could be delivered early.
The planes will be flown in  by Indian pilots who have been trained in France and will be fully combat ready when they arrive at Ambala. 
Sources said that in support of early delivery, France has committed that it will deploy its aerial refuelers to ensure that the jets make it to India with just a single hop.
The favour by the French is no mere expression of solidarity which possibly it is.
” This is a gesture to impress the Indians , something that may help the French swing the impending 114- combat aircraft deal in their favour,” said Airpower analyst P.K Choudhury.
He told Easternlink that tge Russians have also agreed to fast -track the 12 Sukhoi-29 MIG29 deal to reinforce their old friendship with an eye of the mega 114 aircraft deal.
” The Americans want us to buy their F21 which is a marginally tweajed version of the F16 already in service of many forces for decades including Pakistan. They want to leverage their strategic relationship to sell us an old aircraft in a new casing. We should never take it,” said Choudhury.
” They are bad allies .”
Choudhury said India should choose between an advanced version of Su 57 or Rafale, and only consider the US if it offers F35 Raptors.”
Key defence supplier Israel – which showed its commitment as a reliable partner during the Kargil war too – is expected to deliver a much-needed air defence system that will be deployed along the border. 
Sources said that the unnamed air defence system is likely to come from the current holdings of the Israeli defence forces and would supplement the Ladakh sector. This would be useful as the Chinese side is said to have deployed its newly acquired S-400 air defence system in the sector as well.
India’s largest defence supplier Russia has pledged urgent delivery of weapons, ammunition and missiles that India asked for during the recent visit to Moscow by defence minister Rajnath Singh. 
A detailed list has been shared by India for several dozen requirements that would cost in excess of $1 billion and a commitment has been received from Russia of delivery within weeks.
Given that most land-based systems such as tanks and armoured carriers are of Russian origin, India is looking for a variety of ammunition that will be required in the event of a larger conflict.
 The air force is looking for urgent supply of air-dropped bombs and missiles while the army requires anti-tank missiles and man-portable air defence systems for the border.
India’s newest strategic partner – the US – has already been helping out with vital intelligence and satellite imagery that give military planners clarity on the border situation. Sources said that the US has invited India to share a list of all requirements with a commitment to be of assistance at the earliest.
In particular, additional Excalibur artillery rounds have been ordered on an emergency basis. The precision attack rounds with a range of over 40 km are used in a variety of artillery guns in the Indian inventory, including the M 777s that are designed for mountain warfare. 
These rounds are known for their accuracy and damage potential and have been tried and tested by the army.
Indications suggest India will get overwhelming diplomatic and support from major powers in the event of a war with China   full credit for which should go to Foreign Minister S Jaishanker and the MEA team headed by foreign secretary Harsh Shringla.
” Rarely has India had a foreign minister who can function like a hands-on team leader,” said foreign policy analyst Baladass Ghoshal.
But his task is cut out in the region where the Chinese have made deep inroads in the smaller countries of South Asia.

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Prasar Bharati’s Threat To PTI On Undermining National Interest https://theeasternlink.com/prasar-bharatis-threat-to-pti-on-undermining-national-interest/ https://theeasternlink.com/prasar-bharatis-threat-to-pti-on-undermining-national-interest/#respond Sun, 28 Jun 2020 10:00:50 +0000 https://theeasternlink.com/?p=5370

Public broadcaster Prasar Bharati has suggested that the journalism practised by the Press Trust of India (PTI), India’s largest news agency, is “detrimental to national interest” and threatened to review the subscription to its news feed, multiple sources said on Saturday. The implicit threat — a familiar feature in regimes run by autocrats and monarchies […]

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Public broadcaster Prasar Bharati has suggested that the journalism practised by the Press Trust of India (PTI), India’s largest news agency, is “detrimental to national interest” and threatened to review the subscription to its news feed, multiple sources said on Saturday.

The implicit threat — a familiar feature in regimes run by autocrats and monarchies but not in democracies — came at a time the news agency has been under attack from Right-wingers over two back-to-back interviews with the Chinese and Indian ambassadors.

Prasar Bharati, which runs Doordarshan and All India Radio, is supposed to be an autonomous body.

The sources said Prasar Bharati’s letter mentions in the subject the words “not in national interest” and the text suggests some of the instances of reporting by PTI were “detrimental to national interest”.

The nebulous phrase “national interest” is an all-weather weapon deployed by authoritarian regimes to crush media that refuse to kowtow. The Narendra Modi dispensation has often been accused of equating “government interest” with “national interest”.

On Friday night, PTI had tweeted as well as sent a news alert that India’s ambassador to China, Vikram Misri, had expressed the hope that China would move “back to its side of LAC (Line of Actual Control)”.

The reference to the need to “move back” was at variance with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s assertion on June 19 that “neither has anyone intruded into our frontier there, neither is any intruder there….”

Later at night, when PTI filed a report based on the interview more than an hour after its tweet and alert, the phrase “moving back to its side of LAC” was missing from the quote attributed to the ambassador.

The interview-based report quoted the ambassador as saying: “We hope that the Chinese side will realise its responsibility in de-escalation and disengagement.”

However, 24 hours after the first tweet, PTI had neither deleted it nor issued a clarification on the tweet which read: “India hopes China will realise its responsibility in de-escalation and disengaging by moving back to its side of LAC: Indian envoy to China.”

Till Saturday night, neither Misri nor his boss, foreign minister S. Jaishankar, had on record denied the quote that contradicts their boss, Prime Minister Modi.

Apart from the Misri interview with PTI, the government is understood to be upset with the agency for having interviewed the Chinese ambassador in New Delhi a day earlier on Thursday.

After the Chinese embassy put out a transcript of the interview, PTI drew flak from BJP supporters and some independent strategic analysts who wanted to know why no questions challenging the Chinese narrative had been posed to the ambassador.

PTI insiders said what the Chinese had circulated was a truncated version of the interview, denying the charge that the agency had allowed itself to become an “instrument of Beijing’s propaganda and info war”.

“Essentially, the government does not want us to provide any counterpoint. The government just wants its voice to be amplified. It resents any coverage that is given to the Opposition or anyone holding a view that is contrary to the government’s or the ruling party’s,” said a PTI journalist.

It is against this backdrop that word was spread on Saturday morning that Prasar Bharati had written to PTI. Propaganda bullies, who have been operating under the whispered euphemism “headline managers”, informed a few select journalists in the morning that Prasar Bharati had sent a “strong letter” to PTI to express “deep displeasure” at the agency’s “anti-national reporting”.

Other sources said the actual letter used the phrase “detrimental to national interest”, not the word “anti-national”.

The PTI board held a meeting later in the day. PTI is a trust managed by many newspapers.

The morning statement circulated among the group of journalists said it was “off the record” and “not for attribution”. Attempts by this newspaper for a comment from Prasar Bharati did not elicit any response. But through the day, Prasar Bharati desisted from distancing itself from the statement.

According to the “off-the-record” statement, it was no longer tenable for Prasar Bharati to continue its relationship with PTI. It stressed that the public broadcaster “has been supporting PTI with huge annual fees running into several crores”.

In 2017, a Congress leader had tweeted that Prasar Bharati paid PTI Rs 9.15 crore as annual subscription fee. Recent media reports have put the figure at Rs 6.75 crore.

Threatening to sever its links with PTI as the agency had not agreed to rationalise the subscription fees for several years now, Prasar Bharati in its letter informed the agency that it would take a call on the subject soon.

PTI insiders said that while Prasar Bharati was indeed a big subscriber, the matter was a commercial arrangement and not some kind of favour as the public broadcaster was making it out to be.

The effort to browbeat PTI into submission comes at a time when the government’s narrative is being punctured by satellite images indicating Chinese intrusion on the Indian side of the LAC and reports citing similar moves by China in other areas along the undemarcated border.

The propaganda bullies are said to have asked TV channels not to play up these satellite images and have begun providing background briefings to friendly journalists on the situation along the LAC instead of directly interacting with reporters covering the two ministries at the centre of it all – defence and external affairs.

In its first term, the Modi government had tried to foist a handpicked person as editor-in-chief of PTI but the board pushed back and went for a professional journalist who had worked in the agency in the past.

Through the Modi years, the government’s preferred agency has been ANI, and now speculation is rife that the younger wire service will be the beneficiary if Prasar Bharati decides to sever links with PTI.

Another agency waiting in the wings is the multi-lingual Hindusthan Samachar, founded by VHP founder S.S. Apte in 1948 and resurrected after the Modi government came to power in 2014.

Courtesy – TelegraphIndia

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